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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



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Proto-Balto-Slavic [Term?]; cognate with Latvian lūsis, Lithuanian lūšis and Old Prussian luysis. Further Indo-European cognates are Ancient Greek λύγξ (lúnx), Armenian լուսան (lusan), German Luchs and Old English lox. Note the rhotacism of the initial consonant from "l" to "r" due to Iranian influence, while the other Indo-European cognates did not undergo this change.


*rỳsь m

  1. lynx



  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: rys
    • Polish: ryś
    • Slovak: rys
    • Sorbian:
      • Lower Sorbian: lys
      • Upper Sorbian: lys
  • Non-Slavic languages:


  • Verweij, Arno (1994), “Quantity Patterns of Substantives in Czech and Slovak”, in Dutch Contributions to the Eleventh International Congress of Slavists, Bratislava (Studies in Slavic and General Linguistics), volume 22, Editions Rodopi B.V., page 538