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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *terˀ- / *tirˀ-, from Proto-Indo-European *terh₁-.

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian trìnti (to rub), 1sg. trinù, tìrti (to investigate), 1sg. tiriù and Latvian trĩt (to sharpen), 1sg. trinu.

Indo-European cognates include Ancient Greek τείρω (teírō, to oppress, to weaken), Latin terere (to rub), Old High German drāen (to turn), Old Armenian թրեմ (tʿrem, to knead).


*tèrti impf

  1. to rub
  2. to polish


Related terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 491
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “тере́ть”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “тере́ть”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, pages 237–238