Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/vaditi

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Probably causative from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wedH- (to utter, to call), cognate with Sanskrit वादयति (vādayati, to convince, to make to speak), Ancient Greek αὐδάω (audáō, to utter). Further akin to Sanskrit वाद (vāda, speech, advice), वदति (vadati, to speak, to tell), Ancient Greek αὐδή (audḗ, voice).

Often compared with Lithuanian vadìnti (to call) and Latvian vadinât (to lure), however, no concensus has been reached if the Slavic verb is related to either of them. Derksen considers it phonologically problematic.

Verb[edit]

*vaditi impf[1][2]

  1. (intransitive) to argue, to brawl
    Synonym: *sъporiti
  2. (transitive) to scold, to accuse
    Synonyms: *svariti, *koriti
  3. (transitive, by extension) to interfere, to hamper (West Slavic)
Conjugation[edit]

Iterative-durative stem: *-vaďati

Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: вадити (vaditi)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic: вадити (vaditi)
    • Bulgarian: ва́дя (vádja, to asperse) (dialectal)
    • Slovene: váditi (to report, declare) (dialectal)
  • West Slavic:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*vaditi”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 512
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “vaditi: vadjǫ vaditь”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “a anklage (PR 133)”

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Most likely an intensive counter-part[1] of *voditi (to conduct) with enlonged grade, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *wádīˀtei, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *wedʰ- (to lead, to conduct).

Alterantively, akin to Sanskrit वधति (vadhati, to slay), Ancient Greek ὠθέω (ōthéō, to push), Hittite [script needed] (ḫuett(i)-, to pull, pluck) (per BER), presumably from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wedʰ- (to pluck, to jerk).

Verb[edit]

*vàditi impf[1]

  1. to draw, to tug, to haul
  2. (by extension) to pull out, to extract
Conjugation[edit]

Iterative-durative stem: *-vaďati

Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Snoj, Marko (2016), “vaditi”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “Pslovan. *va̋diti, pomenilo *‛vleči, napenjati, vpregati’.”

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Identical with one of the above etymologies, but unclear which.

Has been speculated as the origin of personal name Old East Slavic Вадимъ (Vadimŭ) (whence Russian Вади́м (Vadím), Ukrainian Вади́м (Vadým), Belarusian Вадзі́м (Vadzím)), alternatively viewed as corruption of Old Church Slavonic Владимиръ (Vladimirŭ).

Verb[edit]

*vaditi impf (East Slavic)

  1. (transitive) to harm, to compel
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]