Template:it-adj

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Usage

Use this template to show the headword line of Italian adjectives, including all the inflections.

The template adds the entry to Category:Italian adjectives. As with other Wiktionary part of speech templates, please do not use subst:.

This template contains the necessary meta-data to allow users who are using accelerated editing to create any grammatical forms semi-automatically.

Basic examples

Most of the time, no parameters are necessary. E.g. for chiaro (clear), use:

{{it-adj}}

which produces

chiaro (feminine chiara, masculine plural chiari, feminine plural chiare)

The module knows how to generate the correct feminine and plural in most cases. E.g. for an adjective in -e such as andante (walking; current; ordinary), use:

{{it-adj}}

which produces

andante (plural andanti)

Note how the module knows that the feminine of adjectives in -e is the same as the masculine, and both the masculine and feminine plural are in -i.

For nouns in -ista, e.g. abolizionista (abolitionist), use:

{{it-adj}}

which produces

abolizionista (masculine plural abolizionisti, feminine plural abolizioniste)

Here, the module knows that the masculine and feminine of adjectives in -ista (similarly, -ita and other nouns in -a) are the same, but the plurals differ.

For nouns in -tore, e.g. abduttore (abductive (anatomy)), use:

{{it-adj}}

which produces

abduttore (feminine abduttrice, masculine plural abduttori, feminine plural abduttrici)

Here, the module knows that the feminine of adjectives in -tore ends in -trice, with plurals in -tori and -trici respectively.

For nouns in -one, e.g. chiacchierone (talkative, chatty), use:

{{it-adj}}

which produces

chiacchierone (feminine chiacchierona, masculine plural chiacchieroni, feminine plural chiacchierone)

Here, the module knows that the feminine of adjectives in -one ends in -ona, with plurals in -oni and -one respectively.

Overrides

Some adjectives in -tore and -one follow the pattern of adjectives in -e and have the feminine the same as the masculine. To indicate that, use |f=#, where # means "same as the lemma", e.g. for bretone (Breton):

{{it-adj|f=#}}

which produces

bretone (plural bretoni)

Similarly for bimotore (twin-engined), use |f=#:

{{it-adj|f=#}}

which produces

bimotore (plural bimotori)

Adjectives in -io have the default masculine plural in -i. This works for most adjectives, but some take the masculine plural in -ii, either by itself or along with -i. To override the masculine plural use |mpl=, |mpl2=, ... to specify one or more explicit masculine plurals. An example is aratorio (related to ploughing), with masculine plural either aratorii or aratori. Use:

{{it-adj|mpl=aratorii|mpl2=aratori}}

which produces

aratorio (feminine aratoria, masculine plural aratorii or aratori, feminine plural aratorie)

Adjectives in -cio and gio have default feminine plural in -ce and -ge. This works for almost all adjectives in -cio, but some in -gio have feminine plural in -gie, either by itself or along with -ge. To override the feminine plural use |fpl=, |fpl2=, ... to specify one or more explicit masculine plurals. An example is grigio (gray), with feminine plural either grigie or grige. Use:

{{it-adj|fpl=grigie|fpl2=grige}}

which produces

grigio (feminine grigia, masculine plural grigi, feminine plural grigie or grige)

Adjectives in -aco and -ico have default masculine plural in -aci and -ici respectively (but default feminine plural in -ache and -iche). Use an override if this is wrong, e.g. for antico, masculine plural antichi:

{{it-adj|mpl=antichi}}

which produces

antico (feminine antica, masculine plural antichi, feminine plural antiche)

Contrarily, all other adjectives in -co have default masculine plural in -che. Use an override if this is wrong, e.g. for greco, masculine plural greci:

{{it-adj|mpl=greci}}

which produces

greco (feminine greca, masculine plural greci, feminine plural greche)

Invariable and feminine-only adjectives

Use |inv=1 for invariable adjectives, e.g. antirollio (antiroll):

{{it-adj|inv=1}}

which produces

antirollio (invariable)

Use |fonly=1 for feminine-only adjectives, e.g. ovipara (oviparous):

{{it-adj|fonly=1}}

which produces

ovipara (feminine-only, feminine plural ovipare)

Multiword expressions

Use |sp= to specify which word or words inflect in a multiword adjective:

  • Use |sp=first if only the first word inflects.
  • Use |sp=last if only the first word inflects.
  • Use |sp=first-last if the first and last word inflect.
  • Use |sp=each if all words inflect.
  • Use |sp=first-second if the first and second words inflect.
  • Use |sp=second if only the second word inflects.

Examples:

For chiuso ermeticamente (hermetically sealed), use |sp=first:

{{it-adj|sp=first}}

which produces

chiuso ermeticamente (feminine chiusa ermeticamente, masculine plural chiusi ermeticamente, feminine plural chiuse ermeticamente)

Same goes for degno di nota (worthy of note):

{{it-adj|sp=first}}

which produces

degno di nota (feminine degna di nota, masculine plural degni di nota, feminine plural degne di nota)

For clinicamente morto (clinically dead), use |sp=last:

{{it-adj|sp=last}}

which produces

clinicamente morto (feminine clinicamente morta, masculine plural clinicamente morti, feminine plural clinicamente morte)

Same goes for diversamente abile (differently able):

{{it-adj|sp=last}}

which produces

diversamente abile (plural diversamente abili)

Note that here there are only two forms, singular and plural, as the adjective being inflected ends in -e, while the other multiword adjectives have four forms.

For sano e salvo (safe and sound), use |sp=first-last:

{{it-adj|sp=first-last}}

which produces

sano e salvo (feminine sana e salva, masculine plural sani e salvi, feminine plural sane e salve)

Comparatives and superlatives

Use |comp= to specify an explicit comparative, and |sup= to specify an explicit superlative. Use |comp2=, |comp3=, ... for additional comparatives, and |sup2=, |sup3=, ... for additional superlatives. For example, for grande (big), use:

{{it-adj|comp=[[più]] [[grande]]|comp2=maggiore|sup=grandissimo|sup2=massimo|sup3=sommo}}

which produces

grande (plural grandi, comparative più grande or maggiore, superlative grandissimo or massimo or sommo)

Parameters

|head=, |head2=, |head3=, ...
Explicitly specified headword(s), for introducing links in multiword expressions. Note that by default each word of a multiword lemma is linked, so you only need to use this when the default links don't suffice (e.g. the multiword expression consists of non-lemma forms, which need to be linked to their lemmas).
|f=, |f2=, |f3=, ...
Explicit feminine singular(s). Normally, let the module autogenerate the feminine singular form. Use + to explicitly request the default, and # to set the feminine singular the same as the lemma (i.e. the masculine singular).
|mpl=, |mpl2=, |mpl3=, ...
Explicit masculine plural(s). Normally, let the module autogenerate the masculine plural form. Use + to explicitly request the default, and # to set the masculine plural the same as the lemma (i.e. the masculine singular); but if you are tempted to do this, you probably want |inv=1 instead.
|fpl=, |fpl2=, |fpl3=, ...
Explicit feminine plural(s). Normally, let the module autogenerate the feminine plural form, which it does by pluralizing the feminine singular(s) (explicitly given or defaulted). Use + to explicitly request the default, and # to set the feminine plural the same as the lemma (i.e. the masculine singular); but if you are tempted to do this, you probably want |inv=1 instead.
|inv=1
Specify that the adjective is invariable.
|fonly=1
Specify that the adjective is feminine-only.
|sp=
Specify the part(s) of a multiword adjective that inflect. Those parts will be inflected according to the default rules. See examples above.
|comp=, |comp2=, |comp3=, ...
Comparative form(s).
|sup=, |sup2=, |sup3=, ...
Superlative form(s).