Wiktionary:About Mon

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Main spellings for Mon rely on SEAlang that belongs to Myanmar dialect, since Myanmar has the Mon state and 90% of Mon ethnics are there. The SEAlang database refers to Shorto's research (1962) that might include some errors (e.g. *ယဳု for ယီု (yəṁ, to breathe), *ဂဳု for ဂီု (gəṁ, to be warm), *အိုဿဳု for အိုတ်သီု (ʼət səṁ, all); for other cases, please discuss each case on its talk page). Alternate forms might be also found in the main or another dialect (see next section). For the compound words, they do not use spaces as shown in SEAlang; components are just attached side by side like Burmese.

Although Mon has the explicit nga , many people still like to use common nga as it is easier to input and read. Except for the subjoined nga ္ၚ, they always use Mon letter.

However, it is not known how some spoken words should be written; we should not create such entries until there is evidence for their orthography.


Due to inconsistency in reading, modern Mon pronunciation must be written manually; it cannot be automated by Lua modules.

There are also many words that are pronounced differently between the dialects spoken in Myanmar and Thailand. For example, look into ဗၞိက် or ကၞုဲ. The Myanmar dialect can be seen on SEAlang. The Thailand dialect, for example, can be seen in the Siamese Mon–Thai Dictionary (2005) →ISBN.

Mon language has numerous dialects but no official standard variety is seen[1][2] while "reading pronunciation" used by Buddhist monks and singers etc. (and considered prestigious by some Mon) exists.[3] There are numerous studies but their materials are differed in terms of dialects. Researchers have studied the following dialects:

Consonants and vowels[edit]

Mon alphabet explanation(Consonants 35)
Mon letters that are used to write Mon words
ဗျဉ်မန်၃၅35 Mon consonants
က k (/kaˀ/) kh (/kʰaˀ/) g (/kɛ̤ˀ/) gh (/kʰɛ̤ˀ/) ṅ (/ŋɛ̤ˀ/)
c (/caˀ/) ch (/cʰaˀ/) j (/cɛ̤ˀ/) jh (/cʰɛ̤ˀ/) ñ (/ɲɛ̤ˀ/)
ṭ (/taˀ/) ṭh (/tʰaˀ/) ḍ (/ɗaˀ/~[daˀ]) ḍh (/tʰɛ̤ˀ/) ṇ (/naˀ/)
t (/taˀ/) th (/tʰaˀ/) d (/tɛ̤ˀ/) dh (/tʰɛ̤ˀ/) n (/nɛ̤ˀ/)
p (/paˀ/) ph (/pʰaˀ/) b (/pɛ̤ˀ/) bh (/pʰɛ̤ˀ/) m (/mɛ̤ˀ/)
y (/jɛ̤ˀ/) r (/rɛ̤ˀ/) l (/lɛ̤ˀ/) w (/wɛ̤ˀ/) s (/saˀ/)
h (/haˀ/) ḷ (/laˀ/) b (/ɓaˀ/~[baˀ]) a (/ʔaˀ/) mb (/ɓɛ̤ˀ/~[bɛ̤ˀ])
သွဵုမန်၁၂12 Mon Vowels
(ɛ̀) အာ (ā) (i ) ဣဳ (ɔe) (u) ဥု (ao)
(aye) အဲ (ai) အော (o) အဴ (āi) အံ (òm) အး (ah)
Mon letters that are used to write Pali words
ဏ္ဏပါဠိရာမညတေတ္တိံသတိ 33 Mon Pāli consonants
က k ( /kaˀ/ ) kh ( /kʰaˀ/ ) ( /gaˀ/ ) gh ( /ghaˀ/ ) ṅ ( /ŋaˀ/ )
( /caˀ/ ch ( /cʰaˀ/ ) ( /jaˀ/ ) jh ( /jhaˀ/ ) ñaˀ/ ( /ñaˀ/ )
ṭ ( /taˀ/ ) ha ( /tʰaˀ/ ) ḍ ( /ɗaˀ/ ) ḍha ( /tʰɛ̀ˀ/ ) ṇ ( /naˀ/ )
t ( /taˀ/ ) Tha ( /tʰaˀ/ ) da ( /tɛ̀ˀ/ ) dha ( /tʰɛ̀ˀ/ ) na ( /nɛ̀ˀ/ )
p ( /paˀ/ ) ph ( /pʰaˀ/ ) ba ( /pɛ̀ˀ/ ) bha ( /pʰɛ̀ˀ/ ) me ( /mɛ̀ˀ/ )
ya ( /jɛ̀ˀ/ ) ra ( /rɛ̀ˀ/ ) la ( /lɛ̀ˀ/ ) va ( /vaˀ/ ) s ( /saˀ/ )
( /haˀ/ ) ḷ ( /laˀ/ ) အံ ṁ ( /(a)ṁ/ )
ဝဏ္ဏပါဠိရာမညအဋ္ဌ 8 Mon Pāli Vowels
(ɛ̀) အာ (ā) (i ) ဣဳ (ɔe) (u) ဥု (ao)
(aye) (ai)


  1. ^ Bauer (1982:xvii).
  2. ^ Jenny (2015:555).
  3. ^ Jenny (2005:30).
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Jenny (2005:9–10).
  5. ^ Shorto (1962).
  6. ^ Sujaritlak Deepadung (1996).
  7. ^ Bauer (1982:i,iii).
  8. ^ Sakamoto (1994).