absento

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From absēns ‎(being absent, absent), present active participle of absum ‎(I am away or absent).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

absentō ‎(present infinitive absentāre, perfect active absentāvī, supine absentātum); first conjugation

  1. (transitive) I cause someone to be absent, send away.
  2. (intransitive) I am absent.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of absento (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present absentō absentās absentat absentāmus absentātis absentant
imperfect absentābam absentābās absentābat absentābāmus absentābātis absentābant
future absentābō absentābis absentābit absentābimus absentābitis absentābunt
perfect absentāvī absentāvistī absentāvit absentāvimus absentāvistis absentāvērunt, absentāvēre
pluperfect absentāveram absentāverās absentāverat absentāverāmus absentāverātis absentāverant
future perfect absentāverō absentāveris absentāverit absentāverimus absentāveritis absentāverint
passive present absentor absentāris, absentāre absentātur absentāmur absentāminī absentantur
imperfect absentābar absentābāris, absentābāre absentābātur absentābāmur absentābāminī absentābantur
future absentābor absentāberis, absentābere absentābitur absentābimur absentābiminī absentābuntur
perfect absentātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect absentātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect absentātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present absentem absentēs absentet absentēmus absentētis absentent
imperfect absentārem absentārēs absentāret absentārēmus absentārētis absentārent
perfect absentāverim absentāverīs absentāverit absentāverīmus absentāverītis absentāverint
pluperfect absentāvissem absentāvissēs absentāvisset absentāvissēmus absentāvissētis absentāvissent
passive present absenter absentēris, absentēre absentētur absentēmur absentēminī absententur
imperfect absentārer absentārēris, absentārēre absentārētur absentārēmur absentārēminī absentārentur
perfect absentātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect absentātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present absentā absentāte
future absentātō absentātō absentātōte absentantō
passive present absentāre absentāminī
future absentātor absentātor absentantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives absentāre absentāvisse absentātūrus esse absentārī absentātus esse absentātum īrī
participles absentāns absentātūrus absentātus absentandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
absentāre absentandī absentandō absentandum absentātum absentātū

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • absento” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.