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  1. conditional of armi




  1. inessive singular of arm



From Proto-Indo-European *h₂er- (to join, fit). Latin cognates include arma, armentum, artus, ars; external cognates include Sanskrit ईर्म (īrmá, arm, forequarter), Ossetian арм (arm, hand), Bulgarian: ра́мо (rámo, shoulder), English arm.



armus m (genitive armī); second declension

  1. (of an animal) the shoulder, side; the forequarter; rarely used of humans.
    • 8th century CE, Paulus Diaconus, Karl Otfried Müller, editor, Excerpta ex libris Pompeii Festi De significatione verborum, page 2:
      Arma propriē dīcuntur ab armīs, id est humerīs, dēpendentia, ut scūtum, gladius, pūgiō, sīca; ut ea, quibus procul proeliāmur, tēla.
      Arma 'weapons' are, properly speaking, that thich hangs from the armī, that is 'shoulders,' such as the shield, sword, dirk, dagger; as are those, by which we fight at a distance, missiles.


Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative armus armī
Genitive armī armōrum
Dative armō armīs
Accusative armum armōs
Ablative armō armīs
Vocative arme armī

Derived terms[edit]


  • Aragonese: armos
  • Spanish: armos
  • Corsican: ermu
  • English: armomancy
  • French: ars
    • Norman: nar (in the locution monter à nar, from Old French *monter en ars)
  • Italian: armo (Romanesco, Lunigiana)
  • Romanian: arm
  • Sardinian: almu, armu

Further reading[edit]

  • Walther von Wartburg (1928–2002), “armus”, in Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume 25: Refonte Apaideutos–Azymus, page 291
  • armus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • armus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • armus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • armus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) practised in arms: exercitatus in armis
    • (ambiguous) to disarm a person: armis (castris) exuere aliquem
    • (ambiguous) to lay down arms: ab armis discedere (Phil. 11. 33)
    • (ambiguous) to be under arms: in armis esse
    • (ambiguous) to manœuvre: decurrere (in armis)
    • (ambiguous) by force of arms: vi et armis
    • (ambiguous) to fight a decisive battle: proelio, armis decertare (B. G. 1. 50)
    • (ambiguous) to fight a pitched battle: acie (armis, ferro) decernere