armus

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Esperanto[edit]

Verb[edit]

armus

  1. conditional of armi

Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

armus

  1. inessive singular of arm

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂er- (to join). Cognate to Sanskrit ईर्म (īrmá, arm, forequarter).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

armus m (genitive armī); second declension

  1. (of an animal) the shoulder, side; the forequarter; rarely used of humans.
    • 8th C. CE, Paulus Diaconus (author), Karl Otfried Müller (editor), Excerpta ex libris Pompeii Festi De significatione verborum (1839), page 2, line 13:
      Arma propriē dīcuntur ab armīs, id est humerīs, dēpendentia, ut scūtum, gladius, pūgiō, sīca; ut ea, quibus procul proeliāmur, tēla.
      Arma are, properly speaking, called those hanging from the shoulders, such as the shield, sword, dirk, dagger; as are those, by which we fight at a distance, tēla.

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative armus armī
Genitive armī armōrum
Dative armō armīs
Accusative armum armōs
Ablative armō armīs
Vocative arme armī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: armomancy
  • French: ars, armon
    • French: armon
    • Norman: nar (in the locution monter à nar, from Old French *monter en ars)
  • Romanian: arm
  • Sardinian: almu, armu
  • Spanish: armos

References[edit]

  • armus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • armus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • armus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • armus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) practised in arms: exercitatus in armis
    • (ambiguous) to disarm a person: armis (castris) exuere aliquem
    • (ambiguous) to lay down arms: ab armis discedere (Phil. 11. 33)
    • (ambiguous) to be under arms: in armis esse
    • (ambiguous) to manœuvre: decurrere (in armis)
    • (ambiguous) by force of arms: vi et armis
    • (ambiguous) to fight a decisive battle: proelio, armis decertare (B. G. 1. 50)
    • (ambiguous) to fight a pitched battle: acie (armis, ferro) decernere