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A Scottish variant of assoil, from Scottish Middle English assolyhe, assolȝe, retaining the -le- or -li- sounds of Anglo-Norman as(s)oilier and Old French as(s)oille which were dropped in modern English spoken in England.[1]



assoilzie (third-person singular simple present assoilzies, present participle assoilzieing or assoilzying, simple past and past participle assoilzied)

  1. (transitive, Scotland) Synonym of assoil.
    1. (archaic) To absolve or release (someone) from blame or sin; to forgive, to pardon.
    2. (law) Followed by from or of: to acquit (someone) from a criminal charge; to find (someone) not guilty; to clear.
      • 1826, Robert Bell, William Bell, “CRIMINAL PROSECUTION”, in A Dictionary of the Law of Scotland, 3rd edition, volume I, Edinburgh: [] John Anderson & Co. [], and Bell & Bradfute, →OCLC, page 334:
        The verdict, when in writing, is authenticated by the subscriptions of the chancellor and clerk of the jury, and accompanied with a list of the names of the jurors, and a state of the vote of each individual, "whether condemning or assoilzieing;" Regulations 1672, No. 9.
      • 2017, Sheriff Ross, Macdonald v. Clydesdale Bank:
        In these circumstances, I will uphold the defender’s fourth plea-in-law [] and assoilzie the defender from the craves of the initial writ.


  1. ^ assoil, v.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2021.

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