From Middle English astandan, from Old English āstandan (“to stand up, stand forth, rise up, rise, continue, endure”), from Proto-Germanic *uzstandaną (“to rise, stand up”), equivalent to a- + stand. Cognate with Middle Low German erstān (“rise, get up, secure”), German erstehen (“to purchase, secure”), Gothic 𐌿𐍃𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌰𐌽 (usstandan, “to rise, set out, be resurrected”). In some senses, prefix a- appears to represent and- (compare Middle English anstanden (“to resist”)), at-, on-.
- (intransitive, obsolete) To arise; rise up.
- (intransitive, obsolete) To come to a standstill; stop; arrive.
- (intransitive, obsolete) To remain standing; continue; abide; persist; onstand.
- (transitive, obsolete) To withstand; atstand.