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From Middle English astandan, from Old English āstandan (to stand up, stand forth, rise up, rise, continue, endure), from Proto-Germanic *uzstandaną (to rise, stand up), equivalent to a- +‎ stand. Cognate with Middle Low German erstān (rise, get up, secure), German erstehen (to purchase, secure), Gothic 𐌿𐍃𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌰𐌽 (usstandan, to rise, set out, be resurrected). In some senses, prefix a- appears to represent and- (compare Middle English anstanden (to resist)), at-, on-.


astand (third-person singular simple present astands, present participle astanding, simple past and past participle astood)

  1. (intransitive, obsolete) To arise; rise up.
  2. (intransitive, obsolete) To come to a standstill; stop; arrive.
  3. (intransitive, obsolete) To remain standing; continue; abide; persist; onstand.
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To withstand; atstand.