autosome

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From auto- +‎ -some, from Ancient Greek σῶμα (sôma, body).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

autosome (plural autosomes)

  1. (genetics) Any chromosome other than sex chromosomes.
    • 1906 January 5, Thos. H. Montgomery, “The terminology of aberrant chromosomes and their behavivor in certain Hemiptera”, in Science, volume 23, number 575, page 36:
      Autosoma (or autosome), the usual or non-aberrant chromosomes, called by me previously ordinary chromosomes.
    • 1908, Herbert Spencer Davis, Spermatogenesis in Acrididae and Locustidae:
      It is apparently formed by the arms of the loops becoming twisted around each other, and, as in the Acrididae, each of these arms no doubt represents a univalent autosome.

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