bás

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish bás, from Old Irish bás, from Proto-Celtic *bāstom, bāssom, from either Proto-Indo-European *gʷeh₂- (to go) or *(s)gʷes- (to extinguish).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bás m (genitive singular báis, nominative plural básanna)

  1. death
    Proverb:
    Nuair a thiocfas an bás ní imeoidh sé folamh.When death comes he won’t leave empty-handed.
    Proverb:
    Níl neart ar an mbás (ach pósadh arís).There is no cure for death (but to marry again).

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • faigh bás (die, verb, literally find death)

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bás bhás mbás
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Middle Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish bás, from Proto-Celtic *bāstom, bāssom, from either Proto-Indo-European *gʷeh₂- (to go) or *(s)gʷes- (to extinguish).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bás m

  1. death

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: bás
  • Manx: baase
  • Scottish Gaelic: bàs

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bás bás
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbás
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *bāstom, bāssom, from either Proto-Indo-European *gʷeh₂- (to go) or *(s)gʷes- (to extinguish).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bás n

  1. verbal noun of baïd (to die): death
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 73d7
      Ná eiplet húan bás coitchen húa n‑epil cách, acht foircniter húa sain-bás sech cách.
      Let them not die by the common death by which everyone dies, but let them be ended by a special death different from everyone.

Inflection[edit]

Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative básN básN básL, bása
Vocative básN básN básL, bása
Accusative básN básN básL, bása
Genitive báisL bás básN
Dative básL básaib básaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bás bás
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbás
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) , “*bāsto-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 59

Further reading[edit]


Wiyot[edit]

Bás.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Algic *mehše. Cognates include Yurok mech and Ojibwe mishi.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /βás/
  • Hyphenation: bás

Noun[edit]

bás

  1. fire

References[edit]

  • Karl V. Teeter (1964) The Wiyot Language, University of California press, page 48