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Old French[edit]


Of Germanic origin, from Frankish *bristan ‎(to break to pieces, split, shatter), from Proto-Germanic *brestaną ‎(to break, burst, rupture), from Proto-Indo-European *bhrest- ‎(to separate, burst). Cognate with Old High German bristan ‎(to break asunder, rupture), Old English berstan ‎(to break, shatter, burst), Old Norse bresta ‎(to break, burst). More at burst.



  1. to break (cause damage to), bust
  2. to break to pieces by a shock or violent blow
  3. to destroy



This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -ier, with a palatal stem. These verbs are conjugated mostly like verbs in -er, but there is an extra i before the e of some endings. The forms that would normally end in *-ss, *-st are modified to s, st. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.