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Old French[edit]


Of Germanic origin, from Frankish *bristan (to break to pieces, split, shatter), from Proto-Germanic *brestaną (to break, burst, rupture), from Proto-Indo-European *bhrest- (to separate, burst). Cognate with Old High German bristan (to break asunder, rupture), Old English berstan (to break, shatter, burst), Old Norse bresta (to break, burst). More at burst.



  1. to break (cause damage to), bust
  2. to break to pieces by a shock or violent blow
  3. to destroy


This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -ier, with a palatal stem. These verbs are conjugated mostly like verbs in -er, but there is an extra i before the e of some endings. The forms that would normally end in *-ss, *-st are modified to s, st. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.