bureaucracy

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

bureau +‎ -cracy, from French bureaucratie, coined by Jean Claude Marie Vincent de Gournay (died 1759) from bureau(office) + -cratie(rule of)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bureaucracy ‎(plural bureaucracies)

  1. Government by bureaus or their administrators or officers.
  2. (business, organizational theory) A system of administration based upon organisation into bureaus, division of labour, a hierarchy of authority, etc., designed to dispose of a large body of work in a routine manner.
  3. The body of officers and administrators, especially of a government.
  4. Any administration characterised by excessive red tape and routine.

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