byggja

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse byggja, byggva. Compare Scots big.

Verb[edit]

byggja (third person singular past indicative bygdi, third person plural past indicative bygdu, supine bygt)

  1. to build

Conjugation[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse byggja, byggva. Compare Scots big.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

byggja (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative byggði, supine byggt)

  1. to build
  2. to be built
  3. to base
  4. to inhabit

Conjugation[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • byggje (e- and split infinitives, also with j-infix)
  • bygga, bygge (witout the j-infix)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse byggja, byggva, from Proto-Germanic *būwijaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /²bʏjːɑ/, /²bʏɟ͡ʝːɑ/, /²bʏʝːɑ/

Verb[edit]

byggja (present tense byggjer, past tense bygde, past participle bygd/bygt, passive infinitive byggjast, present participle byggjande, imperative bygg)

  1. to build
    Dei skal byggja eit nytt kjøpesenter her.
    They will build a new shopping centre here.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *būwijaną (to build, settle).

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

byggja (singular past indicative bygði, plural past indicative bygðu, past participle bygðr)

  1. to settle, build
  2. to inhabit, dwell, live
Conjugation[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Faroese: byggja
  • Icelandic: byggja
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: byggja, byggje
  • Norwegian Bokmål: bygge
  • Swedish: bygga
  • Danish: bygge
  • Middle English: biggen

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *bugjaną (to buy, purchase). Cognate with Old English bycgan, Old Saxon buggian, Gothic 𐌱𐌿𐌲𐌾𐌰𐌽 (bugjan).

Verb[edit]

byggja (singular past indicative bygði, plural past indicative bygðu, past participle bygðr)

  1. to let out
  2. to lend money at interest
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  • byggja in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press