byggja

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Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse byggja, byggva. Compare Scots big.

Verb[edit]

byggja (third person singular past indicative bygdi, third person plural past indicative bygdu, supine bygt)

  1. to build

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of byggja (group v-12)
infinitive byggja
supine bygt
participle (a7)1 byggjandi bygdur
present past
first singular byggi bygdi
second singular byggir bygdi
third singular byggir bygdi
plural byggja bygdu
imperative
singular bygg!
plural byggið!
1Only the past participle being declined.

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse byggja, byggva. Compare Scots big.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

byggja (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative byggði, supine byggt)

  1. to build
  2. to be built
  3. to base
  4. to inhabit

Conjugation[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • byggje (e- and split infinitives, also with j-infix)
  • bygga, bygge (witout the j-infix)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse byggja, byggva, from Proto-Germanic *būwijaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /²bʏʝːɑ/, [²bʷʏʷʝːɑ], [²bʷʏʷɟ͡ʝːɑ], [²bʷʏʷɟːɑ]

Verb[edit]

byggja (present tense byggjer, past tense bygde, past participle bygd/bygt, passive infinitive byggjast, present participle byggjande, imperative bygg)

  1. to build
    Dei skal byggja eit nytt kjøpesenter her.
    They will build a new shopping centre here.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *būwijaną (to build, settle).

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

byggja (singular past indicative bygði, plural past indicative bygðu, past participle bygðr)

  1. to settle, build
  2. to inhabit, dwell, live
Conjugation[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Icelandic: byggja
  • Faroese: byggja
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: byggja
  • Norwegian Bokmål: bygge
  • Old Swedish: byggia
  • Danish: bygge
  • Middle English: biggen

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *bugjaną (to buy, purchase). Cognate with Old English bycgan, Old Saxon buggian, Gothic 𐌱𐌿𐌲𐌾𐌰𐌽 (bugjan).

Verb[edit]

byggja (singular past indicative bygði, plural past indicative bygðu, past participle bygðr)

  1. to let out
  2. to lend money at interest
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  • byggja”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press