calico

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See also: calicò

English[edit]

Calico used as a bookbinding material
Calico cat

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Calicut, in India, from where the cloth was originally exported, from Malayalam കോഴിക്കോട് (kōḻikkōṭŭ, Kozhikode), from കോഴി (kōḻi, palace) + ക്കോട് (kkōṭŭ, fortified palace), with ‘y’ replaced by interchangeable ‘zh’.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

calico (countable and uncountable, plural calicos or calicoes)

  1. (textiles) A kind of rough cloth made from unbleached and not fully processed cotton, often printed with a bright pattern.
    • 1832, Michael Faraday, “Experimental Researches in Electricity”, in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, volume 122, DOI:10.1098/rstl.1832.0006, JSTOR 107956, page 126:
      This helix was covered with calico, and then a second wire applied in the same manner.
  2. (countable, zoology) Ellipsis of calico cat.; a cat with fur of the colors black, white and orange.
  3. (uncountable) The plant disease caused by Tobacco mosaic virus.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

calico

  1. Made of calico or resembling the color of calico cloth, having a pattern of red and contrasting areas; variegated.
    Synonym: tortoiseshell
    The calico cat had distinctive red and dark markings.
    The calico-patterned tablecloths were supposed to make the restaurant look rustic; instead, they made it look run down.
    • 1976, Bob Dylan (lyrics and music), “Sara”, in Desire:
      Sara, oh Sara / Scorpio Sphinx in a calico dress

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

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Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English calico or French calicot.

Noun[edit]

calico n (uncountable)

  1. calico

Declension[edit]