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See also: Camus




  1. Obsolete form of camis.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for camus in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)




Origin uncertain.



camus (feminine singular camuse, masculine plural camus, feminine plural camuses)

  1. flat-nosed

Further reading[edit]



Likely derived from Ancient Greek, compare Doric Ancient Greek κᾱμός (kāmós), Attic Ancient Greek κημός (kēmós, muzzle, nose-bag; face-mask; a female ornament).


cāmus m (genitive cāmī); second declension

  1. (doubtful) a punishment device, perhaps a kind of collar for the neck
  2. (doubtful) a kind of collar for the neck, a necklace or neckband (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
  3. (Late Latin) collar, muzzle (as for a horse)

Usage notes[edit]

(punishment device; necklace):
In Quintus Horatius Flaccus' Satirae or Sermones, liber I, this word is doubtful as either cāmus as a punishment devise or Cadmus as a proper noun. Compare for example:

  • Des Q. Horatius Flaccus Sermonen. Herausgegeben und erklärt von Ad. Th. Hermann Fritzsche. Erster Band: Der Sermonen Buch I, Leipzig, 1875, page 154f.:
    „Tune, Syri, Damae, aut Dionysi filius, audes
    Deicere de saxo civīs aut tradere camo?“
  • Horace Satires, Epistles and Ars poetica with an English translation by H. Rushton Fairclough, 1942, page 78f.:
    "tune, Syri, Damae aut Dionysi filius, audes
    deicere de saxo civis aut tradere Cadmo?"
    "Do you, the son of a Syrus, a Dama, a Dionysius,d dare to fling from the rocke or to hand over to Cadmus citizens of Rome?"
    d These are common slave-names.
    e i.e. the Tarpeian rock from which criminals were sometimes thrown by order of a tribune. Cadmus was a public executioner.

In Lucius Attius or Accius as cited by Nonius Marcellus cāmus is interpreted as a punishment devise or a necklace. See for example:

  • Nonius Marcellus, De compendiosa doctrina, page 200, line 16f. In: Nonii Marcelli de conpendiosa doctrina libros XX onionsianis copiis usus edidit Wallace M. Lindsay. Volumen I. LL. I–III, argumentum, indicem siglorum et praefationem continens, Leipzig, 1903, page 294:
    Collus masculino Accius Epigonis (302):
    . quid cesso ire ád eam? em, praesto ést: camo collúm gravem.
    16 epigono (etiam F3)
  • Otto Ribbeck, Scaenicae romanorum poesis fragmenta. Tertiis curis. Volumen I. Tragicorum fragmenta. – Tragicorum romanorum fragmenta. Tertiis curis, Leipzig, 1897, page 202f.:
    <Séd> quid cesso ire ád eam? em praesto est: <ém> camo collúm grauem!
    Non. 200, 15 'collus masculino Accius Epigono . . .'
  • Remains of Old Latin Newly Edited and Translated by E. H. Warmington, in three volumes, II, Livius Andronicus, Naevius, Pacuvius and Accuius, 1936, page 426f. (Lucius Accius (or Atticus), Epigoni):
    Nonius, 200, 16: ' Collus' masculino . . .–
    . . . Quid cesso ire ad eam? Em praesto est: camo
      collum graven!
    Alcmaeon sees Eriphyle decked with the necklace with which she was bribed:
    Nonius: 'Collus' in the masculine . . .–
        I'll not
    Delay to approach her. See! She is at hand.
    How heavy with the neck-band is her throat!


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cāmus cāmī
Genitive cāmī cāmōrum
Dative cāmō cāmīs
Accusative cāmum cāmōs
Ablative cāmō cāmīs
Vocative cāme cāmī



  • camus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • camus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • camus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, page 251
  • camus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • camus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin