caoch

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cáech (blind in one eye; a person blind in one eye), from Proto-Celtic *kaikos (compare Welsh coeg (empty, vain, one-eyed, blind)), from Proto-Indo-European *káykos (one-eyed) (compare Latin caecus (blind)).

Noun[edit]

caoch m (genitive singular caoich, nominative plural caocha)

  1. blind, purblind person, creature

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

caoch (genitive singular masculine caoich, genitive singular feminine caoiche, plural caocha, comparative caoiche)

  1. (of creature) blind, purblind
  2. (of seed-vessel) blind, empty; (of place) blind, closed up
  3. (card games) nontrump

Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

caoch (present analytic caochann, future analytic caochfaidh, verbal noun caochadh, past participle caochta)

  1. (transitive) blind; daze, dazzle
  2. (intransitive, of seed-vessel) become empty, wither
  3. (intransitive) close, become blocked
  4. (intransitive) wink (ar (at)); flicker

Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
caoch chaoch gcaoch
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "caoch" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • cáech” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cáech (blind in one eye; a person blind in one eye), from Proto-Celtic *kaikos, from Proto-Indo-European *káykos (one-eyed).

Adjective[edit]

caoch (genitive singular feminine caoiche)

  1. empty
  2. blind
  3. hollow
  4. blasted
  5. one-eyed

Noun[edit]

caoch m

  1. grampus
  2. mole
  3. blind beast

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • cáech” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.