carmen

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See also: Carmen

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

carmen

  1. plural of carman

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Latin casmen (song), believed to be for earlier *cansmen, abstract noun formed from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂n- (to sing). Confer canō (I sing, chant), and the suffix -men.

Alternative etymology connects casmen, *cansmen to Proto-Indo-European *ḱens- (to speak in a florid, solemn style, attest, witness), relating it to Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌶𐌾𐌰𐌽 (hazjan, to praise), Old English herian (to praise, extol, commend). See herry.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

carmen n (genitive carminis); third declension

  1. (usually poetic) song, tune
  2. poem, poetry (strictly any poem or poetry that can be sung), verse (esp. lyric or epic verse)
  3. incantation, charm, spell
  4. play, playing (of music)
  5. prayer (refers to prayers being composed in verse)
  6. formula (refers to the formula of verse found in ancient prayers or magical spells)
  7. card for flax or wool
  8. (prosaic) oracle (infrequent but used to refer to the poetic form in which prophecies were spoken)
  9. ritual (involving verse)

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative carmen carmina
Genitive carminis carminum
Dative carminī carminibus
Accusative carmen carmina
Ablative carmine carminibus
Vocative carmen carmina

Usage notes[edit]

The difference between carmen and cantus when signifying "song" is that carmen is used more frequently in poetry, whereas cantus is used more frequently in prose.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: charm (through Old French)
  • French: charme
  • Italian: carme
  • Portuguese: carme
  • Spanish: carmen

References[edit]

  • carmen in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • carmen in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • carmen in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • carmen in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • epic poetry: carmen epicum
    • to recite a poem, line with appropriate action: carmen, versum agere
    • to read a piece of verse with expression: carmen recitare
    • to recite a piece of verse (without gestures): carmen pronuntiare
    • a rough poem; an extempore effusion: carmen inconditum
    • a choric ode in a tragedy: carmen chori, canticum
    • to read prayers for the congregation to repeat: praeire verba (carmen) (Liv. 31. 17)
    • (ambiguous) to write poetry with facility: carmina , versus fundere (De Or. 3. 50)
  • carmen in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • carmen in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Spanish[edit]

A carmen in Granada

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic كرم (karm), vineyard.

Noun[edit]

carmen m (plural cármenes)

  1. A type of house in Granada