carmen

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See also: Carmen

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

carmen

  1. plural of carman

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Latin casmen ‎(song), believed to be for earlier *cansmen, abstract noun formed from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂n- ‎(to sing). Confer canō ‎(I sing, chant).

Alternative etymology connects casmen, *cansmen to Proto-Indo-European *ḱens- ‎(to speak in a florid, solemn style, attest, witness), relating it to Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌶𐌾𐌰𐌽 ‎(hazjan, to praise), Old English herian ‎(to praise, extol, commend). See herry.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

carmen n ‎(genitive carminis); third declension

  1. song
  2. poem
  3. play
  4. charm
  5. prayer
  6. incantation
  7. ritual
  8. magic

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative carmen carmina
genitive carminis carminum
dative carminī carminibus
accusative carmen carmina
ablative carmine carminibus
vocative carmen carmina

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • carmen in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • carmen in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • CARMEN” in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • carmen” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • epic poetry: carmen epicum
    • to recite a poem, line with appropriate action: carmen, versum agere
    • to read a piece of verse with expression: carmen recitare
    • to recite a piece of verse (without gestures): carmen pronuntiare
    • a rough poem; an extempore effusion: carmen inconditum
    • a choric ode in a tragedy: carmen chori, canticum
    • to read prayers for the congregation to repeat: praeire verba (carmen) (Liv. 31. 17)
    • (ambiguous) to write poetry with facility: carmina , versus fundere (De Or. 3. 50)
  • carmen in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • carmen” in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Spanish[edit]

A carmen in Granada

Noun[edit]

carmen m ‎(plural cármenes)

  1. A type of house in Granada