castrum

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English[edit]

Noun[edit]

castrum (plural castra)

  1. (historical) Among the Ancient Romans, a building or plot of land used as a military defensive position.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱes-(to cut, cut off, separate) (Watkins, 1969). An older etymology (1899) derived castrum from Latin casa, and proposed an ultimate etymon from a Sanskrit root (sic) *skad-, "to cover". See also castrō, careō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

castrum n (genitive castrī); second declension

  1. castle, fort
  2. (chiefly plural) camp, especially a military camp

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative castrum castra
genitive castrī castrōrum
dative castrō castrīs
accusative castrum castra
ablative castrō castrīs
vocative castrum castra

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]