castrum

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English[edit]

Noun[edit]

castrum ‎(plural castra)

  1. (historical) Among the Ancient Romans, a building or plot of land used as a military defensive position.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kes- ‎(to cut, cut off, separate) (Watkins, 1969). An older etymology (1899) derived castrum from Latin casa, and proposed an ultimate etymon from a Sanskrit root (sic) *skad-, "to cover".

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

castrum n ‎(genitive castrī); second declension

  1. castle, fort
  2. (chiefly plural) camp, especially a military camp

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative castrum castra
genitive castrī castrōrum
dative castrō castrīs
accusative castrum castra
ablative castrō castrīs
vocative castrum castra

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • castrum” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.