dastard

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English dastard (a dullard), most likely formed from *dast, a base derived from Old Norse dæstr (exhausted, breathless) +‎ -ard. Compare Icelandic dasaður (exhausted), dialectal Swedish däst (weary), Middle Dutch dasaert, daasaardt (a fool), English dazed (stupefied).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dastard (plural dastards)

  1. A malicious coward; a dishonorable sneak.
    • c. 1591, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 2, Act IV, Scene 8,[1]
      I thought ye would never have given out these arms till you had recovered your ancient freedom: but you are all recreants and dastards, and delight to live in slavery to the nobility.
    • 1596, Edmund Spencer, The Faerie Queene, Book VI, Canto Three, Stanza 36, in The Faerie Queene, Book Six and the Mutabilitie Cantos, edited by Andrew Hadfield and Abraham Stoll, Hackett, 2007, p. 49,
      The dastard, that did heare him selfe defyde, / Seem'd not to weigh his threatfull words at all, / But laught them out, as if his greater pryde, / Did scorne the challenge of so base a thrall: Or had not courage, or else had no gall.
    • 1922, James Joyce, Ulysses, Penguin, 1992, p. 590,
      My client, an innately bashful man, would be the last man in the world to do anything ungentlemanly which injured modesty could object to or cast a stone at a girl who took the wrong turning when some dastard, responsible for her condition, had worked his own sweet will on her.

Adjective[edit]

dastard (comparative more dastard, superlative most dastard)

  1. Meanly shrinking from danger, cowardly, dastardly.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, Book III, Canto One, Stanza 22, in The Faerie Queene, Books Three and Four, edited by Dorothy Stephens, Hackett, 2006, p. 13,
      Like dastard Curres, that having at a bay
      The salvage beast embost in wearie chace,
      Dare not adventure on the stubborne pray,
      Ne byte before, but rome from place to place,
      To get a snatch, when turned is his face.
    • 1789, Olaudah Equiano, chapter 5, in The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano[2]:
      Now dragg'd once more beyond the western main,
      To groan beneath some dastard planter’s chain;
      Where my poor countrymen in bondage wait
      The long enfranchisement of ling’ring fate:
    • 1843, Thomas Carlyle, Past and Present, book 3, ch. IV, Happy
      Observe, too, that this is all a modern affair; belongs not to the old heroic times, but to these dastard new times. ‘Happiness our being’s end and aim’ is at bottom, if we will count well, not yet two centuries old in the world.

Verb[edit]

dastard (third-person singular simple present dastards, present participle dastarding, simple past and past participle dastarded)

  1. To dastardize.
    • 1665, John Dryden, The Indian Emperour, or the Conquest of Mexico by the Spaniards, being the Sequel of The Indian Queen, Act II, Scene 1, [3]
      Would my short life had yet a shorter date! / I'm weary of this flesh which holds us here, / And dastards manly souls with hope and fear; / These heats and colds still in our breast make war, / Agues and fevers all our passions are.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]