ergot

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English[edit]

Barley grain with ergots (sclerotia of Claviceps purpurea)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French ergot.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ergot (countable and uncountable, plural ergots)

  1. Any fungus in the genus Claviceps which are parasitic on grasses.
  2. The sclerotium (wintering stage) of certain fungi in the genus Claviceps, appearing as a deformed grain in certain cereals and grasses infected by the fungi.
    • 1980, Albert Hofmann; Jonathan Ott (translator), chapter 1, in LSD, My Problem Child[1], McGraw-Hill, →ISBN:
      Ergot first appeared on the stage of history in the early Middle Ages, as the cause of outbreaks of mass poisonings affecting thousands of persons at a time. The illness, whose connection with ergot was for a long time obscure, appeared in two characteristic forms, one gangrenous (ergotismus gangraenosus) and the other convulsive (ergotismus convulsivus).

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French argot, considered from a substrate root *arg- related to thorns and pointy things widespread in Western Romance, for related forms see Galician argana (awn), Spanish aulaga (gorse).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɛʁ.ɡo/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ergot m (plural ergots)

  1. spur of a male member of Galliformes
  2. ergot

Further reading[edit]