ezers

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Latvian[edit]

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 ezers on Latvian Wikipedia
Sīvera ezers (Latvijā)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *eźera- (lake), from Proto-Indo-European *eǵʰerom (lake), from the stem *eǵʰ- (border) (whence also Latvian eža, q.v.). The meaning change, from “border” to “lake,” is probably motivated by the fact that lakes were often used as markers of the border between separate regions. Cognates include Lithuanian ẽžeras, Old Prussian assaran ([azaran]), Sudovian ziro (< *eziro < *ezero), Proto-Slavic *ezero (Old Church Slavonic ѥзєро (jezero), Russian, Ukrainian о́зеро (ózero), Belarusian во́зера (vózjera), Bulgarian ѐзеро (ѐzero), Czech jezero, Polish jezioro.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

ezers m (1st declension)

  1. lake (large natural body of freshwater surrounded by land)
    Sīvera ezerslake Sīvers
    jūras piekrastes ezerscoastal lake
    ieapaļš, izstiepts ezersroundish, stretched lake
    šaurs, dziļš ezersnarrow, deep lake
    rāms ezersserene lake
    peldēties, zvejot ezerāto swim, to fish in a lake
    ezeru nogulumilake sediments
    ezeriem bagāts apvidusa region rich in lakes
    te tumšāks, te gaišāks, te noslēpumaini spulgodams, te kūpēdams miglā, ceļa malā dus ezersby the road side there lay a lake, here darker, there lighter, here mysteriously reflective, there clouded in fog

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “ezers”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7