frendo

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰrendʰ- (to crush; gnash). Cognate with English grind, grin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

frendō (present infinitive frendere, perfect active frenduī, supine fresum); third conjugation

  1. (intransitive, of teeth) I grind, gnash.
  2. (transitive) I crush or grind to pieces.
  3. (transitive) I lament over with rage, gnash the teeth.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of frendo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present frendō frendis frendit frendimus frenditis frendunt
imperfect frendēbam frendēbās frendēbat frendēbāmus frendēbātis frendēbant
future frendam frendēs frendet frendēmus frendētis frendent
perfect frenduī frenduistī frenduit frenduimus frenduistis frenduērunt, frenduēre
pluperfect frendueram frenduerās frenduerat frenduerāmus frenduerātis frenduerant
future perfect frenduerō frendueris frenduerit frenduerimus frendueritis frenduerint
passive present frendor frenderis, frendere frenditur frendimur frendiminī frenduntur
imperfect frendēbar frendēbāris, frendēbāre frendēbātur frendēbāmur frendēbāminī frendēbantur
future frendar frendēris, frendēre frendētur frendēmur frendēminī frendentur
perfect fresus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect fresus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect fresus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present frendam frendās frendat frendāmus frendātis frendant
imperfect frenderem frenderēs frenderet frenderēmus frenderētis frenderent
perfect frenduerim frenduerīs frenduerit frenduerimus frendueritis frenduerint
pluperfect frenduissem frenduissēs frenduisset frenduissēmus frenduissētis frenduissent
passive present frendar frendāris, frendāre frendātur frendāmur frendāminī frendantur
imperfect frenderer frenderēris, frenderēre frenderētur frenderēmur frenderēminī frenderentur
perfect fresus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect fresus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present frende frendite
future frenditō frenditō frenditōte frenduntō
passive present frendere frendiminī
future frenditor frenditor frenduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives frendere frenduisse fresūrus esse frendī fresus esse fresum īrī
participles frendēns fresūrus fresus frendendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
frendere frendendī frendendō frendendum fresum fresū

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]