góðr

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gōdaz, whence also Old Saxon, Old Frisian, and Old English gōd, Old High German and Old Dutch guot, Gothic 𐌲𐍉𐌸𐍃 (goþs). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gʰedʰ-. The comparative and superlative forms are from Proto-Germanic *batizô and *batistaz respectively, both degrees of Proto-Germanic *bataz, being ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰh₂d- (good).

Adjective[edit]

góðr (comparative betri, superlative beztr)

  1. good, righteous, morally commendable
  2. good, honest, true
    góðir vinir — good friends
  3. kind, friendly
    góð orð — good, kind words
  4. good, gifted
    gott skáld — a good poet
  5. goodly, fine

Inflection[edit]

This word has a suppletive inflection, using another root in the comparative and superlative forms, than in the positive form.

See also[edit]

  • vel (well)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Richard Cleasby, Guðbrandur Vigfússon — An Icelandic-English Dictionary (1874)
  • góðr in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.
  • betri in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • beztr in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press