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Presumably from Proto-Italic *yemanos, from Proto-Indo-European *yemH- (twin), in view of Proto-Celtic *yemonos (Old Irish emon (twin)). If this is true, the g- must have been analogically introduced from gignō (to give birth to), genus (offspring).[1]



geminus (feminine gemina, neuter geminum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. (literal) twinborn, twin
  2. (transferred sense)
    1. double, paired, twofold, both, two
      Synonyms: duplex, duo
    2. resembling, similar, like


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative geminus gemina geminum geminī geminae gemina
Genitive geminī geminae geminī geminōrum geminārum geminōrum
Dative geminō geminō geminīs
Accusative geminum geminam geminum geminōs geminās gemina
Ablative geminō geminā geminō geminīs
Vocative gemine gemina geminum geminī geminae gemina

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • geminus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • geminus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • geminus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • geminus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • geminus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • geminus”, in William Smith, editor (1848), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “geminus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 256