grūtums

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From grūts (difficult, hard) +‎ -ums.

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

grūtums m (1st declension)

  1. (in the singular) difficulty, toughness (the quality of that which is difficult, hard, tough)
    darba, uzdevuma grūtumsthe difficulty of the work, of the task
    ceļa grūtumsthe difficulty, arduousness of the trip
    dzimtļaužu dzīves grūtumsthe difficulty, toughness of a serf's life
    ir tādi slimnieki, kurus ārsts nevar aizmirst un kuru likteņa grūtumu viņš kā smagu nastu nes visu savu mūžuthere are such patients whom doctors cannot forget, who carry the difficulty of their fate as a heavy burden during their entire lives
  2. (singular or plural; syn. grūtības) difficulty, hardship (difficult events or circumstances)
    nu manis pēc, katrai dzīvei savi grūtuminow, in my opinion, every life has its dificulties
    vēl tagad man Andra tēva sirds jāapbrīno, kas par tik daudz grūtumu pasaulē nemaz nesūdzējās, bet visu to nesa ar pacietībueven now I have to admire Andris' father's heart, who, despite so many hardships in the world, does not complain, but carries (= accepts) everything with patience
  3. (singular or plural) difficulty (difficult experience, difficult feelings)
    ar pāris vārdiem kā ar roku noņemt visu grūtumuto remove all difficulty, hard feelings with a few words as if with one's hand
    mātes smagās nopūtās izsacīja visu to pārmēra grūtumu, ko meita bija uzlikusi viņas sirdijthe mother's heavy sights expressed all the excessive difficulties, hardships that her daughter had imposed on her (= mother's) heart
  4. (singular or plural) difficulty (physical suffering or pain, sickness, disease)
    viņš saaukstējās un dabūja tādus grūtumus, ka bija jāliekas gultāhe caught a cold and got so many difficulties that he had to stay in bed

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