gweba

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Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-gweba

  1. to judge
  2. to sentence

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-gweba

  1. to round up (cattle)
  2. to thrust upwards at
  3. to pass judgement, to decide

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukugweba
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukugweba ukungagwebi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular gweba -gwebe
Plural gwebani -gwebeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyagweba, ngigweba engigwebayo, engigweba ngigweba angigwebi engingagwebi ngingagwebi
2nd singular uyagweba, ugweba ogwebayo, ogweba ugweba awugwebi ongagwebi ungagwebi
1st plural siyagweba, sigweba esigwebayo, esigweba sigweba asigwebi esingagwebi singagwebi
2nd plural niyagweba, nigweba enigwebayo, enigweba nigweba anigwebi eningagwebi ningagwebi
Class 1 uyagweba, ugweba ogwebayo, ogweba egweba akagwebi ongagwebi engagwebi
Class 2 bayagweba, bagweba abagwebayo, abagweba begweba abagwebi abangagwebi bengagwebi
Class 3 uyagweba, ugweba ogwebayo, ogweba ugweba awugwebi ongagwebi ungagwebi
Class 4 iyagweba, igweba egwebayo, egweba igweba ayigwebi engagwebi ingagwebi
Class 5 liyagweba, ligweba eligwebayo, eligweba ligweba aligwebi elingagwebi lingagwebi
Class 6 ayagweba, agweba agwebayo, agweba egweba awagwebi angagwebi engagwebi
Class 7 siyagweba, sigweba esigwebayo, esigweba sigweba asigwebi esingagwebi singagwebi
Class 8 ziyagweba, zigweba ezigwebayo, ezigweba zigweba azigwebi ezingagwebi zingagwebi
Class 9 iyagweba, igweba egwebayo, egweba igweba ayigwebi engagwebi ingagwebi
Class 10 ziyagweba, zigweba ezigwebayo, ezigweba zigweba azigwebi ezingagwebi zingagwebi
Class 11 luyagweba, lugweba olugwebayo, olugweba lugweba alugwebi olungagwebi lungagwebi
Class 14 buyagweba, bugweba obugwebayo, obugweba bugweba abugwebi obungagwebi bungagwebi
Class 15 kuyagweba, kugweba okugwebayo, okugweba kugweba akugwebi okungagwebi kungagwebi
Class 17 kuyagweba, kugweba okugwebayo, okugweba kugweba akugwebi okungagwebi kungagwebi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngigwebile, ngigwebē engigwebile, engigwebē ngigwebile, ngigwebē angigwebanga engingagwebanga ngingagwebanga
2nd singular ugwebile, ugwebē ogwebile, ogwebē ugwebile, ugwebē awugwebanga ongagwebanga ungagwebanga
1st plural sigwebile, sigwebē esigwebile, esigwebē sigwebile, sigwebē asigwebanga esingagwebanga singagwebanga
2nd plural nigwebile, nigwebē enigwebile, enigwebē nigwebile, nigwebē anigwebanga eningagwebanga ningagwebanga
Class 1 ugwebile, ugwebē ogwebile, ogwebē egwebile, egwebē akagwebanga ongagwebanga engagwebanga
Class 2 bagwebile, bagwebē abagwebile, abagwebē begwebile, begwebē abagwebanga abangagwebanga bengagwebanga
Class 3 ugwebile, ugwebē ogwebile, ogwebē ugwebile, ugwebē awugwebanga ongagwebanga ungagwebanga
Class 4 igwebile, igwebē egwebile, egwebē igwebile, igwebē ayigwebanga engagwebanga ingagwebanga
Class 5 ligwebile, ligwebē eligwebile, eligwebē ligwebile, ligwebē aligwebanga elingagwebanga lingagwebanga
Class 6 agwebile, agwebē agwebile, agwebē egwebile, egwebē awagwebanga angagwebanga engagwebanga
Class 7 sigwebile, sigwebē esigwebile, esigwebē sigwebile, sigwebē asigwebanga esingagwebanga singagwebanga
Class 8 zigwebile, zigwebē ezigwebile, ezigwebē zigwebile, zigwebē azigwebanga ezingagwebanga zingagwebanga
Class 9 igwebile, igwebē egwebile, egwebē igwebile, igwebē ayigwebanga engagwebanga ingagwebanga
Class 10 zigwebile, zigwebē ezigwebile, ezigwebē zigwebile, zigwebē azigwebanga ezingagwebanga zingagwebanga
Class 11 lugwebile, lugwebē olugwebile, olugwebē lugwebile, lugwebē alugwebanga olungagwebanga lungagwebanga
Class 14 bugwebile, bugwebē obugwebile, obugwebē bugwebile, bugwebē abugwebanga obungagwebanga bungagwebanga
Class 15 kugwebile, kugwebē okugwebile, okugwebē kugwebile, kugwebē akugwebanga okungagwebanga kungagwebanga
Class 17 kugwebile, kugwebē okugwebile, okugwebē kugwebile, kugwebē akugwebanga okungagwebanga kungagwebanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāgweba engāgweba ngāgweba angigwebanga engingagwebanga ngingagwebanga
2nd singular wāgweba owāgweba wāgweba awugwebanga ongagwebanga ungagwebanga
1st plural sāgweba esāgweba sāgweba asigwebanga esingagwebanga singagwebanga
2nd plural nāgweba enāgweba nāgweba anigwebanga eningagwebanga ningagwebanga
Class 1 wāgweba owāgweba āgweba akagwebanga ongagwebanga engagwebanga
Class 2 bāgweba abāgweba bāgweba abagwebanga abangagwebanga bengagwebanga
Class 3 wāgweba owāgweba wāgweba awugwebanga ongagwebanga ungagwebanga
Class 4 yāgweba eyāgweba yāgweba ayigwebanga engagwebanga ingagwebanga
Class 5 lāgweba elāgweba lāgweba aligwebanga elingagwebanga lingagwebanga
Class 6 āgweba āgweba āgweba awagwebanga angagwebanga engagwebanga
Class 7 sāgweba esāgweba sāgweba asigwebanga esingagwebanga singagwebanga
Class 8 zāgweba ezāgweba zāgweba azigwebanga ezingagwebanga zingagwebanga
Class 9 yāgweba eyāgweba yāgweba ayigwebanga engagwebanga ingagwebanga
Class 10 zāgweba ezāgweba zāgweba azigwebanga ezingagwebanga zingagwebanga
Class 11 lwāgweba olwāgweba lwāgweba alugwebanga olungagwebanga lungagwebanga
Class 14 bāgweba obāgweba bāgweba abugwebanga obungagwebanga bungagwebanga
Class 15 kwāgweba okwāgweba kwāgweba akugwebanga okungagwebanga kungagwebanga
Class 17 kwāgweba okwāgweba kwāgweba akugwebanga okungagwebanga kungagwebanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingagweba ngingagweba ngingegwebe ngingegwebe
2nd singular ungagweba ungagweba ungegwebe ungegwebe
1st plural singagweba singagweba singegwebe singegwebe
2nd plural ningagweba ningagweba ningegwebe ningegwebe
Class 1 angagweba engagweba angegwebe engegwebe
Class 2 bangagweba bengagweba bangegwebe bengegwebe
Class 3 ungagweba ungagweba ungegwebe ungegwebe
Class 4 ingagweba ingagweba ingegwebe ingegwebe
Class 5 lingagweba lingagweba lingegwebe lingegwebe
Class 6 angagweba engagweba angegwebe engegwebe
Class 7 singagweba singagweba singegwebe singegwebe
Class 8 zingagweba zingagweba zingegwebe zingegwebe
Class 9 ingagweba ingagweba ingegwebe ingegwebe
Class 10 zingagweba zingagweba zingegwebe zingegwebe
Class 11 lungagweba lungagweba lungegwebe lungegwebe
Class 14 bungagweba bungagweba bungegwebe bungegwebe
Class 15 kungagweba kungagweba kungegwebe kungegwebe
Class 17 kungagweba kungagweba kungegwebe kungegwebe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizogweba engizogweba ngizogweba angizugweba engingezugweba ngingezugweba
2nd singular uzogweba ozogweba uzogweba awuzugweba ongezugweba ungezugweba
1st plural sizogweba esizogweba sizogweba asizugweba esingezugweba singezugweba
2nd plural nizogweba enizogweba nizogweba anizugweba eningezugweba ningezugweba
Class 1 uzogweba ozogweba ezogweba akazugweba ongezugweba engezugweba
Class 2 bazogweba abazogweba bezogweba abazugweba abangezugweba bengezugweba
Class 3 uzogweba ozogweba uzogweba awuzugweba ongezugweba ungezugweba
Class 4 izogweba ezogweba izogweba ayizugweba engezugweba ingezugweba
Class 5 lizogweba elizogweba lizogweba alizugweba elingezugweba lingezugweba
Class 6 azogweba azogweba ezogweba awazugweba angezugweba engezugweba
Class 7 sizogweba esizogweba sizogweba asizugweba esingezugweba singezugweba
Class 8 zizogweba ezizogweba zizogweba azizugweba ezingezugweba zingezugweba
Class 9 izogweba ezogweba izogweba ayizugweba engezugweba ingezugweba
Class 10 zizogweba ezizogweba zizogweba azizugweba ezingezugweba zingezugweba
Class 11 luzogweba oluzogweba luzogweba aluzugweba olungezugweba lungezugweba
Class 14 buzogweba obuzogweba buzogweba abuzugweba obungezugweba bungezugweba
Class 15 kuzogweba okuzogweba kuzogweba akuzugweba okungezugweba kungezugweba
Class 17 kuzogweba okuzogweba kuzogweba akuzugweba okungezugweba kungezugweba
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyogweba engiyogweba ngiyogweba angiyugweba engingeyugweba ngingeyugweba
2nd singular uyogweba oyogweba uyogweba awuyugweba ongeyugweba ungeyugweba
1st plural siyogweba esiyogweba siyogweba asiyugweba esingeyugweba singeyugweba
2nd plural niyogweba eniyogweba niyogweba aniyugweba eningeyugweba ningeyugweba
Class 1 uyogweba oyogweba eyogweba akayugweba ongeyugweba engeyugweba
Class 2 bayogweba abayogweba beyogweba abayugweba abangeyugweba bengeyugweba
Class 3 uyogweba oyogweba uyogweba awuyugweba ongeyugweba ungeyugweba
Class 4 iyogweba eyogweba iyogweba ayiyugweba engeyugweba ingeyugweba
Class 5 liyogweba eliyogweba liyogweba aliyugweba elingeyugweba lingeyugweba
Class 6 ayogweba ayogweba eyogweba awayugweba angeyugweba engeyugweba
Class 7 siyogweba esiyogweba siyogweba asiyugweba esingeyugweba singeyugweba
Class 8 ziyogweba eziyogweba ziyogweba aziyugweba ezingeyugweba zingeyugweba
Class 9 iyogweba eyogweba iyogweba ayiyugweba engeyugweba ingeyugweba
Class 10 ziyogweba eziyogweba ziyogweba aziyugweba ezingeyugweba zingeyugweba
Class 11 luyogweba oluyogweba luyogweba aluyugweba olungeyugweba lungeyugweba
Class 14 buyogweba obuyogweba buyogweba abuyugweba obungeyugweba bungeyugweba
Class 15 kuyogweba okuyogweba kuyogweba akuyugweba okungeyugweba kungeyugweba
Class 17 kuyogweba okuyogweba kuyogweba akuyugweba okungeyugweba kungeyugweba
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngigwebe ngingagwebi
2nd singular ugwebe ungagwebi
1st plural sigwebe singagwebi
2nd plural nigwebe ningagwebi
Class 1 agwebe angagwebi
Class 2 bagwebe bangagwebi
Class 3 ugwebe ungagwebi
Class 4 igwebe ingagwebi
Class 5 ligwebe lingagwebi
Class 6 agwebe angagwebi
Class 7 sigwebe singagwebi
Class 8 zigwebe zingagwebi
Class 9 igwebe ingagwebi
Class 10 zigwebe zingagwebi
Class 11 lugwebe lungagwebi
Class 14 bugwebe bungagwebi
Class 15 kugwebe kungagwebi
Class 17 kugwebe kungagwebi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngagweba ngangagweba, angagweba, angangagweba
2nd singular wagweba wangagweba, awagweba, awangagweba
1st plural sagweba sangagweba, asagweba, asangagweba
2nd plural nagweba nangagweba, anagweba, anangagweba
Class 1 wagweba wangagweba, akagweba, akangagweba
Class 2 bagweba bangagweba, abagweba, abangagweba
Class 3 wagweba wangagweba, awagweba, awangagweba
Class 4 yagweba yangagweba, ayagweba, ayangagweba
Class 5 lagweba langagweba, alagweba, alangagweba
Class 6 agweba angagweba, awagweba, awangagweba
Class 7 sagweba sangagweba, asagweba, asangagweba
Class 8 zagweba zangagweba, azagweba, azangagweba
Class 9 yagweba yangagweba, ayagweba, ayangagweba
Class 10 zagweba zangagweba, azagweba, azangagweba
Class 11 lwagweba lwangagweba, alwagweba, alwangagweba
Class 14 bagweba bangagweba, abagweba, abangagweba
Class 15 kwagweba kwangagweba, akwagweba, akwangagweba
Class 17 kwagweba kwangagweba, akwagweba, akwangagweba

References[edit]