gybe

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Probably from Dutch gijben (obsolete), gijpen; cognate with Danish gibbe, German gieben, giepen, Swedish gipa, gippa.[1]

The noun is derived from the verb; compare Dutch gjib (obsolete), gjip (act of gybing; a boom).[2]

Verb[edit]

gybe (third-person singular simple present gybes, present participle gybing, simple past and past participle gybed)

  1. (transitive, nautical) To shift a fore-and-aft sail forcefully and suddenly from one side of a sailing vessel to the other, while sailing before the wind.
  2. (intransitive, nautical) Of a fore-and-aft sail or its boom: to shift forcefully and suddenly from one side of a sailing vessel to the other.
    • 1719 April 25, [Daniel Defoe], The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, [], London: Printed by W[illiam] Taylor [], OCLC 15864594; 3rd edition, London: Printed by W[illiam] Taylor [], 1719, OCLC 838630407, page 271:
      [] I had my Man Friday to teach as to what belong'd to the Navigation of my Boat; for though he knew very well how to paddle a Canoe, he knew nothing what belong'd to a Sail and a Rudder, and was the moſt amaz'd when he ſaw me work the Boat too and again in the Sea by the Rudder, and how the Sail gyb'd, and fill'd this Way or that Way, as the Courſe we ſail'd chang'd: []
  3. (intransitive, nautical) Generally of a small sailing vessel: to change tack with the wind crossing behind the vessel.
  4. (by extension, obsolete) Often as gybe at: to balk, hesitate, or vacillate when faced with a course of action, plan, or proposal.
Usage note[edit]

Sense 3 (“to change tack”) is generally used of boats and other small sailing craft; the corresponding manoeuvre in a sailing ship is wear.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

gybe (plural gybes)

  1. (nautical) The act of gybing.
    1. A sudden shift of a sail's angle, or a sudden change in the direction that a vessel is sailing in.
    2. A manoeuvre in which the stern of a sailing vessel crosses the wind, typically resulting in the forceful and sudden sweep of the boom from one side of the vessel to the other.
  2. (by extension) A sudden change in approach or direction; vacillation.
Translations[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See jibe.

Noun[edit]

gybe (plural gybes)

  1. Alternative spelling of jibe

Verb[edit]

gybe (third-person singular simple present gybes, present participle gybing, simple past and past participle gybed)

  1. Alternative spelling of jibe

References[edit]

  1. ^ gybe, v.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1900.
  2. ^ gybe, n.2”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1900.

Anagrams[edit]