gymnasium

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Gymnasium

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin gymnasium, from Ancient Greek γυμνάσιον (gumnásion, exercise, school), from γυμνός (gumnós, naked), because Greek athletes trained naked.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /dʒɪmˈneɪ.zi.əm/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

gymnasium (plural gymnasia or gymnasiums)

  1. (formal) A large room or building for indoor sports.
  2. A type of secondary school in some European countries which typically prepares students for university.
  3. (historical) A public place or building where Ancient Greek youths took exercise, with running and wrestling grounds, baths, and halls for conversation.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (large room or building for indoor sports): gym
  • (type of secondary school): prep school, college prep school

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Czech[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

gymnasium n

  1. (archaic) grammar school

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • gymnasium in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • gymnasium in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin gymnasium, from Ancient Greek γυμνάσιον (gumnásion, exercise, school).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡymnaːsjɔm/, [ɡ̊ymˈnæːˀɕɔm]
  • Rhymes: -ɔm

Noun[edit]

gymnasium n (singular definite gymnasiet, plural indefinite gymnasier, in compounds: gymnasie-)

  1. gymnasium (a type of secondary school)

Inflection[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology[edit]

From Latin gymnasium, from Ancient Greek γυμνάσιον (gumnásion, exercise, school).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: gym‧na‧si‧um

Noun[edit]

gymnasium n (plural gymnasia or gymnasiums, diminutive gymnasiumpje n)

  1. a type of secondary school (for 12 to 18 year-olds) which prepares students for university or vocational school, and which offers classes in Latin and/or Greek
  2. school of sports which the Greeks had in antiquity

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek γυμνάσιον (gumnásion, exercise, school), from γυμνός (gumnós, naked), because Greek athletes trained naked.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gymnasium n (genitive gymnasiī or gymnasī); second declension

  1. gymnasium

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative gymnasium gymnasia
Genitive gymnasiī
gymnasī1
gymnasiōrum
Dative gymnasiō gymnasiīs
Accusative gymnasium gymnasia
Ablative gymnasiō gymnasiīs
Vocative gymnasium gymnasia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: gjimnaz
  • Catalan: gimnàs
  • French: gymnase
  • Galician: ximnasio
  • German: Gymnasium (see there for further descendants)
  • Italian: ginnasio
  • Portuguese: ginásio
  • Spanish: gimnasio

References[edit]

  • gymnasium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gymnasium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gymnasium in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • gymnasium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • gymnasium in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gymnasium in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • gymnasium in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

gymnasium n (definite singular gymnasiet, indefinite plural gymnasier, definite plural gymnasia or gymnasiene)

  1. alternative form of gymnas

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

gymnasium n (definite singular gymnasiet, indefinite plural gymnasium, definite plural gymnasia)

  1. alternative form of gymnas

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /jʏmˈnɑːsɪɵm/, /jʏmˈnɑːsɪɛ/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

gymnasium n

  1. gymnasium; an upper secondary school: either theoretical ("preparing for further studies") or vocational

Declension[edit]

Declension of gymnasium 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative gymnasium gymnasiet gymnasier gymnasierna
Genitive gymnasiums gymnasiets gymnasiers gymnasiernas

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]