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First attested in 1840. From gyú (shortened from gyújt (to light, spark), used in adjective sense here) +‎ fa (wood). Created during the Hungarian language reform which took place in the 18th–19th centuries as calque of German Zündholz.[1]


  • IPA(key): [ˈɟufɒ]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: gyu‧fa


gyufa (plural gyufák)

  1. match (device to make fire)


Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative gyufa gyufák
accusative gyufát gyufákat
dative gyufának gyufáknak
instrumental gyufával gyufákkal
causal-final gyufáért gyufákért
translative gyufává gyufákká
terminative gyufáig gyufákig
essive-formal gyufaként gyufákként
inessive gyufában gyufákban
superessive gyufán gyufákon
adessive gyufánál gyufáknál
illative gyufába gyufákba
sublative gyufára gyufákra
allative gyufához gyufákhoz
elative gyufából gyufákból
delative gyufáról gyufákról
ablative gyufától gyufáktól
Possessive forms of gyufa
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. gyufám gyufáim
2nd person sing. gyufád gyufáid
3rd person sing. gyufája gyufái
1st person plural gyufánk gyufáink
2nd person plural gyufátok gyufáitok
3rd person plural gyufájuk gyufáik

Derived terms[edit]