hár

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Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hár, from Proto-Germanic *hērą, from Proto-Indo-European *keres- (rough hair, bristle).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hár n (genitive singular hárs, plural hár)

  1. hair

Declension[edit]

Declension of hár
n3 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative hár hárið hár hárini
accusative hár hárið hár hárini
dative hári hárinum hárum hárunum
genitive hárs hársins hára háranna

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hár, hór, from Proto-Germanic *hauhaz.

Adjective[edit]

hár (comparative hærri, superlative hæstur)

  1. high
    Múrinn er hár.
    The wall is high
  2. tall
    Guð minn almáttugur! Þú ert orðinn svo hár!
    My god almighty! You've gotten so tall!
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse hár, from Proto-Germanic *hērą.

Noun[edit]

hár n (genitive singular hárs, nominative plural hár)

  1. hair
    Þú hefur fallegt hárin.
    You have pretty hairs.
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Cognate with the Faroese háur, hávur,[1] Norwegian Bokmål hai and Swedish haj.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Noun[edit]

hár m (genitive singular hás, nominative plural hávar)

  1. (archaic) a dogfish
Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ásgeir Blöndal MagnússonÍslensk orðsifjabók, 1st edition, 2nd printing (1989). Reykjavík, Orðabók Háskólans.

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hár

  1. h-prothesized form of ár

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hauhaz (high), from Proto-Indo-European *kewk- (to bend, curve, arch, vault). Cognate with Old English hēah, Old Frisian hāch, Old Saxon hōh, Old High German hōh, Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌿𐌷𐍃 (hauhs).

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hár (comparative hærri, superlative hæstr)

  1. high, tall
    • Vǫluspá, verse 19, lines 1-4, in 1867, S. Bugge, Norrœn fornkvæði: Sæmundar Edda hins fróða. Christiania, page 4:
      Ask veit ek standa / heitir Yggdrasill
      hár baðmr, ausinn / hvíta auri; []
      I know an ash stands / named Yggdrasill
      a high tree, washed / with white mud; []
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Icelandic: hár
  • Faroese: háur
  • Norn: hjog, høg
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: håg (< pl. hávir), (in compound place names only)
  • Old Swedish: hø̄gher
    • Middle Norwegian: høg (from ca. 1400)
      • Norwegian Nynorsk: høg
        • Norwegian Bokmål: høg
    • Swedish: hög
  • Danish: høj
  • Old Gutnish: haur
  • Westrobothnian: haug

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hērą, from Proto-Indo-European *keres- (rough hair, bristle). Compare Old Saxon and Old High German hār, Old English her, hǣr.

Noun[edit]

hár n

  1. hair
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Danish: hår n
  • Icelandic: hár n
  • Faroese: hár n
  • Norwegian Bokmål: hår n
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: hår n
  • Old Swedish: hār n

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

hár m (genitive hás, plural háir)

  1. thole, rowlock
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Norwegian Nynorsk:

Etymology 4[edit]

Probably from a derivative of Proto-Germanic *hawwaną (to hew, cut), related to Frankish *hauwan.

Noun[edit]

hár m

  1. spiny dogfish
    First Grammatical Treatise, 84 22:
    Har vex á kykvendum, en hȧr er fiskr.
    Hair grows on living things, but har is a fish.
Usage notes[edit]

The First Grammarian says that this word had a long nasalized vowel, marked with an overdot, and contrasts it with hár (hair), which does not.

Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Adjective[edit]

hár

  1. inflection of hárr:
    1. positive degree strong feminine nominative singular
    2. positive degree strong neuter nominative/accusative plural

Noun[edit]

hár

  1. inflection of :
    1. indefinite genitive singular
    2. indefinite nominative/accusative plural

References[edit]

  • hár in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.