haju

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See also: hajú and hájů

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Finnic *haju, possibly equivalent to haja- +‎ -u.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɑju/, [ˈhɑ̝ju]
  • Rhymes: -ɑju
  • Syllabification(key): ha‧ju

Noun[edit]

haju

  1. smell, odour (sensation)
    Synonym: tuoksu
    Tunnen savun hajua.
    I sense a smell of smoke.
  2. smell, olfaction (perceptual modality)
    Synonyms: hajuaisti, (obsolete) haisti, (of animals) vainu
  3. (idiomatic) clue, idea
    Synonyms: ajatus, haisu, idea
    Minulla ei ole hajuakaan, kuka sinä olet.
    I have no idea who you are.

Usage notes[edit]

haju is a neutral term for an olfactory sensation and can sometimes carry a connotation of unpleasantness. The word tuoksu is used particularly of a pleasant scent.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of haju (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative haju hajut
genitive hajun hajujen
partitive hajua hajuja
illative hajuun hajuihin
singular plural
nominative haju hajut
accusative nom. haju hajut
gen. hajun
genitive hajun hajujen
partitive hajua hajuja
inessive hajussa hajuissa
elative hajusta hajuista
illative hajuun hajuihin
adessive hajulla hajuilla
ablative hajulta hajuilta
allative hajulle hajuille
essive hajuna hajuina
translative hajuksi hajuiksi
abessive hajutta hajuitta
instructive hajuin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of haju (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative hajuni hajuni
accusative nom. hajuni hajuni
gen. hajuni
genitive hajuni hajujeni
partitive hajuani hajujani
inessive hajussani hajuissani
elative hajustani hajuistani
illative hajuuni hajuihini
adessive hajullani hajuillani
ablative hajultani hajuiltani
allative hajulleni hajuilleni
essive hajunani hajuinani
translative hajukseni hajuikseni
abessive hajuttani hajuittani
instructive
comitative hajuineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative hajusi hajusi
accusative nom. hajusi hajusi
gen. hajusi
genitive hajusi hajujesi
partitive hajuasi hajujasi
inessive hajussasi hajuissasi
elative hajustasi hajuistasi
illative hajuusi hajuihisi
adessive hajullasi hajuillasi
ablative hajultasi hajuiltasi
allative hajullesi hajuillesi
essive hajunasi hajuinasi
translative hajuksesi hajuiksesi
abessive hajuttasi hajuittasi
instructive
comitative hajuinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative hajumme hajumme
accusative nom. hajumme hajumme
gen. hajumme
genitive hajumme hajujemme
partitive hajuamme hajujamme
inessive hajussamme hajuissamme
elative hajustamme hajuistamme
illative hajuumme hajuihimme
adessive hajullamme hajuillamme
ablative hajultamme hajuiltamme
allative hajullemme hajuillemme
essive hajunamme hajuinamme
translative hajuksemme hajuiksemme
abessive hajuttamme hajuittamme
instructive
comitative hajuinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative hajunne hajunne
accusative nom. hajunne hajunne
gen. hajunne
genitive hajunne hajujenne
partitive hajuanne hajujanne
inessive hajussanne hajuissanne
elative hajustanne hajuistanne
illative hajuunne hajuihinne
adessive hajullanne hajuillanne
ablative hajultanne hajuiltanne
allative hajullenne hajuillenne
essive hajunanne hajuinanne
translative hajuksenne hajuiksenne
abessive hajuttanne hajuittanne
instructive
comitative hajuinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative hajunsa hajunsa
accusative nom. hajunsa hajunsa
gen. hajunsa
genitive hajunsa hajujensa
partitive hajuaan
hajuansa
hajujaan
hajujansa
inessive hajussaan
hajussansa
hajuissaan
hajuissansa
elative hajustaan
hajustansa
hajuistaan
hajuistansa
illative hajuunsa hajuihinsa
adessive hajullaan
hajullansa
hajuillaan
hajuillansa
ablative hajultaan
hajultansa
hajuiltaan
hajuiltansa
allative hajulleen
hajullensa
hajuilleen
hajuillensa
essive hajunaan
hajunansa
hajuinaan
hajuinansa
translative hajukseen
hajuksensa
hajuikseen
hajuiksensa
abessive hajuttaan
hajuttansa
hajuittaan
hajuittansa
instructive
comitative hajuineen
hajuinensa

Hyponyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *haju. Cognates include Finnish haju and Veps haju.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

haju

  1. smell, odour

Declension[edit]

Declension of haju (type 4/koivu, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative haju hajut
genitive hajun haijuin, hajuloin
partitive haijua hajuja, hajuloja
illative haijuu haijui, hajuloihe
inessive hajus hajuis, hajulois
elative hajust hajuist, hajuloist
allative hajulle hajuille, hajuloille
adessive hajul hajuil, hajuloil
ablative hajult hajuilt, hajuloilt
translative hajuks hajuiks, hajuloiks
essive hajunna, haijuun hajuinna, hajuloinna, haijuin, hajuloin
exessive1) hajunt hajuint, hajuloint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 41

Karelian[edit]

Regional variants of haju
North Karelian
(Viena)
haju
South Karelian
(Tver)
haju

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *haju. Cognates include Finnish haju and Veps haju.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɑju/
  • Hyphenation: ha‧ju

Noun[edit]

haju (genitive hajun, partitive hajuo)

  1. smell, odour
  2. mind, intelligence

Declension[edit]

Viena Karelian declension of haju (type 1/tyttö, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative haju hajut
genitive hajun hajujen
partitive hajuo hajuja
illative hajuh hajuloih
inessive hajušša hajuloissa
elative hajušta hajuloista
adessive hajulla hajuloilla
ablative hajulta hajuloilta
translative hajukši hajuloiksi
essive hajuna hajuloina
comitative hajuloineh
abessive hajutta hajuloitta
Tver Karelian declension of haju (type 1/tyttö no gradation)
singular plural
nominative haju hajut
genitive hajun hajuloin
partitive hajuo hajuloida
illative hajuh hajuloih
inessive hajušša hajuloissa
elative hajušta hajuloista
adessive hajulla hajuloilla
ablative hajulda hajuloilda
translative hajukši hajuloiksi
essive hajuna hajuloina
comitative hajunke hajuloinke
abessive hajutta hajuloitta
Possessive forms of haju
1st person hajuni
2nd person hajuš
3rd person hajuh
*) Possessive forms are very rare for adjectives and only used in substantivised clauses.

References[edit]

  • A. V. Punzhina (1994), “haju”, in Словарь карельского языка (тверские говоры) [Dictionary of the Karelian language (Tver dialects)], →ISBN
  • P. Zaykov; L. Rugoyeva (1999), “haju”, in Карельско-Русский словарь (Северно-Карельские диалекты) [Karelian-Russian dictionary (North Karelian dialects)], Petrozavodsk, →ISBN

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Finnic *haju. Related to Finnish haju.

Noun[edit]

haju

  1. smell, odor, scent

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of haju (inflection type 1/ilo)
nominative sing. haju
genitive sing. hajun
partitive sing. hajud
partitive plur. hajuid
singular plural
nominative haju hajud
accusative hajun hajud
genitive hajun hajuiden
partitive hajud hajuid
essive-instructive hajun hajuin
translative hajuks hajuikš
inessive hajus hajuiš
elative hajuspäi hajuišpäi
illative hajuhu hajuihe
adessive hajul hajuil
ablative hajulpäi hajuilpäi
allative hajule hajuile
abessive hajuta hajuita
comitative hajunke hajuidenke
prolative hajudme hajuidme
approximative I hajunno hajuidenno
approximative II hajunnoks hajuidennoks
egressive hajunnopäi hajuidennopäi
terminative I hajuhusai hajuihesai
terminative II hajulesai hajuilesai
terminative III hajussai
additive I hajuhupäi hajuihepäi
additive II hajulepäi hajuilepäi

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “запах”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika