heretoga (plural heretogas)
- (historical, Anglo-Saxon) An Anglo-Saxon army leader or commander; a general; a duke.
- 1890, James Kendall Hosmer, A Short History of Anglo-Saxon Freedom:
- Like the old heretogas, they possessed no authority but such as was accorded them by their fellow-tribesmen, though when once constituted they had a power co-ordinate with that of the folk-moot.
here (“army”) + toga (“leader”). From Proto-Germanic *harjatugô (“army leader”), which contains Proto-Germanic *harjaz (“army”) and *tugô (“leader”) a derivation of Proto-Germanic *teuhaną. Cognate to Old High German herizogo (German Herzog), Old Norse hertogi.