hiện đại

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese word from 現代.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

hiện đại

  1. modern
    Hiện đại cái nỗi gì? Có mà hại điện thì có!
    Modern my ass!

Usage notes[edit]

  • hiện đại (post-1917) does not really correspond well with modern in the sense of "modern period", similarly to Japanese 現代 (gendai, post-1945). In historical classifications, it is usually preceded by cận đại, roughly "pre-modern" (in textbooks, generally from the late 16th century to 1917), which could also translate to "modern", similarly to Japanese 近代 (kindai, late 19th century to 1945).
  • hại điện (literally harmful for electrical use) is a common jocular phrase to ridicule things that are said to be "modern", as in "new and technologically advanced." It is a result of nói lái.
  • Do not confuse with hiện tại.

See also[edit]