infans

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From in- +‎ fāns.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

īnfāns (genitive īnfantis, comparative īnfantior, superlative īnfantissimus); third-declension one-termination adjective

  1. speechless, inarticulate
  2. newborn
  3. childish, foolish

Declension[edit]

Third-declension one-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative īnfāns īnfantēs īnfantia
Genitive īnfantis īnfantium
Dative īnfantī īnfantibus
Accusative īnfantem īnfāns īnfantēs īnfantia
Ablative īnfantī īnfantibus
Vocative īnfāns īnfantēs īnfantia

Noun[edit]

īnfāns m or f (genitive īnfantis); third declension

  1. an infant
  2. (in later Latin) a boy, a girl (under the age of 7)

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative īnfāns īnfantēs
Genitive īnfantis īnfantium
Dative īnfantī īnfantibus
Accusative īnfantem īnfantēs
īnfantīs
Ablative īnfante īnfantibus
Vocative īnfāns īnfantēs

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Esperanto: infano
  • Old Francoprovençal: enfás (direct), enfant (oblique)
  • Old French: enfés (direct), enfant (oblique)
  • Italian: fante
  • Italian: infante

References[edit]

  • infans in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • infans in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • infans in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • infans in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • infans in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • infans in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin