istaba

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See also: istabā

Latvian[edit]

Istabas

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from Old East Slavic истьба(istĭba, house, bathhouse) (cf. Proto-Slavic *jьstъba, Old Church Slavonic истьба(istĭba), Russian изба(izba, peasant house)), itself a borrowing from either Latin stuba(room) (Spanish estufa(heating stove), Portuguese estufa(greenhouse), French étuve(drying oven)) or its borrowed counterpart in Proto-Germanic, *stuba “(heated) room” (compare German Stube(room), English stove). The word was borrowed into Latvian before the 13th century, but its first mention is in 17th-century dictionaries (together with parallel forms ustuba, ustaba, apparently formed by assimilation).[1]

Noun[edit]

istaba f (4th declension)

  1. room (separate, enclosed living space in a house, apartment, building, etc.)
    liela, gaiša istaba‎ ― big, bright room
    istabas logi, durvis‎ ― room windows, door
    istabas iekārta‎ ― room furniture
    mēbelēta istaba'‎ ― furnished room
    ieiet istabā‎ ― to enter the room
  2. room (enclosed space in a building for a specific purpose)
    uzgaidāmā istaba‎ ― waiting room
    skolotāju istaba‎ ― teachers' room
  3. (usually genitive) room; house (said of something meant to be, or be used, indoors)
    istabas puķes‎ ― room flowers
    istabas lampa‎ ― room, indoor lamp
  4. (archaic) peasant house, hut
    istaba stāvēja uz kalnā starp vecu ozolu un egli‎ ― the peasant house stood on the hill between an old oak and a spruce

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “istaba”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7