izcils

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally the past participle of a verb *izcilt, from cilt (to rise), still attested dialectally (cf. celties “to rise” from transitive celt “to raise”). The original meaning was thus “raised, risen (above others)” > “outstanding.”[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Adjective[edit]

izcils (def. izcilais, comp. izcilāks, sup. visizcilākais; irreg. adv. izcili, izcilu, izcilus)

  1. (of people) great, excellent, outstanding, brilliant (having great, above average capacity, skill)
    izcils zinātnieksgreat, outstanding scientist, scholar
    izcils sportistsgreat, outstanding athlete
    kādas lieliskas rakstura īpašības bija piemitušas šim izcilajam puisim! — what great character qualities this excellent boy has!
    izcilais igauņu valodnieks... atzīmēja savu 85. dzimšanas dienu — the great Estonian linguist... celebrated his 85. birthday
  2. great, excellent, outstanding (above average in quality, importance, significance)
    izcils panākums — a great success
    izcilas spējasexcellent skills
    izcili sasniegumioutstanding achievements
    izcila loma — a prominent role
    izcils skaistumsoutstanding beauty
    Mierlauks nebija vis kaut kāds teorētiķis, bet izcils, liels talants — Mierlauks was not some theoretician, but an outstanding, great talent
    latviešu tautas garīgās kultūras izcilākie paraugi rodami lietišķajā mākslā — the most outstanding examples of the spiritual culture of the Latvian people can be found in applied arts
    humoram ir izcila nozīme jau bērna dzīvē — humor has a very important role already in a child's life (let alone an adult's)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “celt, cilts” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7