jautāt

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from jaust (to sense, to guess) (compare just (to feel)), of which it originally was the causative form.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Verb[edit]

jautāt tr. or intr., 2nd conj., pres. jautāju, jautā, jautā, past jautāju

  1. to ask question(s), to inquire, to question (to turn to someone in order to find information)
    jautāt tēvam par vēstuli — to ask father about the letter
    tur nav ko jautāt, tikpat nekā neuzzinās — there is nothing to ask there, as nothing is known
    viņš kaut ko jautāja — he asked (about) something
    jautāt ceļu — to ask the way
    jautāt, cik ir pulkstenis — to ask how late it is
    jautāt brālim padomu — to ask a friend for advice
    jautāt lieciniekus, apsūdzēto — to question the witnesses, the accused
    “cik tālu vēl līdz Jelgavai?” Vilis jautā — “how far still to Jelgava?” Vilis aks
  2. to ask about (a person, something) (to ask questions about a person's or a thing's health, situation, etc.)
    jautāt pēc mātes — to ask about mother
    viņš jautāja par manu pagātni — he asked about my past
    es viņam vairs neko nejautāju par Spāniju — I didn't ask him anyhthing about Spain anymore

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

References[edit]

  1. ^ “jautāt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7