krēsla

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: krēslā

Latvian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A form of krēsls (chair) (q.v.).

Noun[edit]

krēsla m

  1. genitive singular form of krēsls

Etymology 2[edit]

Krēsla (1)

Derived from krēst (to shake), an archaic causative form of krist (to fall), with an extra l. Note dialectal krēsla meaning “a thin layer (of snow, dew, etc.) (fallen during the preceding night),” as well as expressions relating darkness to falling: uzkrīt tumsa “darkness is falling,” vakars uzkrita spējš “the night fell suddenly, quickly.” So krēsla was originally the time of the falling (= beginning) of darkness, of night, hence incomplete darkness or twilight.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)
Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!
(file)

Noun[edit]

krēsla f (4th declension)

  1. twilight, dusk (diffuse sunlight shortly before sunrise or (especially) shortly after sunset)
    vakara krēslaevening twilight, dusk
    iestājas krēslatwilight has begun
    krēslas dzīvniekstwilight, crepuscular animal
    nu jau mežā bieza krēsla, tēvs skubina Dūkani, lai neuzkrīt ceļā pilnīga tumsanow in the forest (there was) thick (= dark) twilight, (and) father urged Dūkanis (to go faster) so that full darkness wouldn't fall (while they were still) on (their) way
    krēsla sabiezēja, bet ugunis uz ielas vēl nedegathe twilight thickened (= became darker), but the lamps on the streets were still off
    austošā rīta pelēcīgajā krēslā jau iezīmējās atsevišķu priekšmetu apveidiin the gray dawning twilight the contours of some objects were already visible
  2. twilight, dusk (the time of day when there is such diffuse sunlight)
    doties ar krēslu mājāsto go home at dusk
    jau krēslā atgriežas tēvs, noguris un sarūgtināts par nenoķeramo foreliat dusk father returned, tired and disappointed because of that trout (that was) impossible to capture
  3. weak, insufficient light
    istabā tikai divi mazi četrrūšu lodziņi; te vienmēr krēsla, tā ka bērni vieni baidās nāktin the rooom (there) were only two small four-pane windows; there is always little light there, so that the children are afraid to come (in) alone
    ar tumsu parādījās mēness un noklāja pār purvu blāvu krēsluwith the darkness the moon appeared and covered the swamp with a pale weak light
Usage notes[edit]

Latviešu etimoloģijas vārdnīca indicates krēsla (twilight) as having level intonation. Pronunciation with broken intonation can be encountered despite the fact that this eliminates the possibility to differentiate it from krēsls (chair) (which LEV in fact indicates as having a level intonation as well although in practice it is most commonly pronounced with a broken tone.)

Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “krēsla”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN