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From Proto-Baltic *vakar- (perhaps Proto-Balto-Slavic *wekeras), from Proto-Indo-European *wekʷsperos. The stem was probably originally an adjective, of which vakars < *vakaras was a nominalized version, and vakar the adverbial form, originally meaning “the previous night” and only later “yesterday;” compare Russian вечер ‎(véčer, evening), вчера ‎(včerá, yesterday). Cognates include Lithuanian vãkaras, Old Church Slavonic вєчєръ ‎(večerŭ), Russian, Bulgarian вечер ‎(véčer), Belarusian вечар ‎(vječar), Ukrainian вечір ‎(večir), Czech večer, Polish wieczór, Ancient Greek ἕσπερος ‎(hésperos), Latin vesper, Old Armenian գիշեր ‎(gišer).[1]




vakars m (1st declension)

  1. evening (time of day, roughly around sunset; also, the time period at the end of the day and before the beginning of the night)
    vēls vakars‎ ― late evening
    ziemas vakars‎ ― winter evening
    vakara saule‎ ― evening sun
    vakara vēsma‎ ― evening breeze
    vakara vēsums‎ ― evening coolness
    ap septiņiem vakarā‎ ― at about seven (o'clock) in the evening
    mācīties pa vakariem‎ ― to study in the evening(s)
    vakara krēsla, vakarkresla‎ ― twilight (lit. evening dusk)
    vakara blāzma, vakarblāzma‎ ― afterglow (lit. evening gleam)
    vakara zvaigzne, vakarzvaigzne‎ ― evening star (= Venus)
    vakara vējš‎ ― evening breeze
    pret vakaru sāka līt‎ ― toward evening it began to rain
  2. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) evening (typical of that time period; happening d in that time period)
    vakara laikraksts‎ ― evening newspaper
    vakara skola‎ ― evening school
  3. (figuratively) evening (the final or end phase of some phenomenon)
    mūža, dzīves vakars‎ ― the evening of life (= old age)
    es piedzīvoju uzvaras un smagus zaudējumus, un tagad es eju uz vakara pusi‎ ― I have lived through victories and heavy losses, and now I am going toward evening (= the end)
  4. evening (a social event taking place at the end of the day)
    dzejas vakars‎ ― poetry evening
    atpūtas vakars‎ ― recreation evening
    jubilejas vakars‎ ― anniversary evening
    jautājumu vakars‎ ― question evening
    saviesīgs vakars‎ ― soirée, party (lit. social evening)
    vakara vadītājs‎ ― evening host, master of ceremonies
    kungu vakars‎ ― gentlemen's evening (party attended only by men)
  5. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) evening (used or worn for activies or events that happen at the end of the day)
    vakara kleita, vakarkleita‎ ― evening dress
    vakara tērps, vakartērps‎ ― evening clothes
  6. (with the name of a holiday) eve (the final stage of that holiday; also, the night before that holiday)
    līgo vakars‎ ― Midsummer's Eve
    Mārtiņa vakars‎ ― Martinmas' Eve
    Ziemassvētku vakars‎ ― Christmas' Eve


Usage notes[edit]

Vakars is a noun, means “evening” (locative form vakarā “in the evening,” used also as a temporal adverb) while historically related vakar is an adverb, meaning “yesterday” (its nominal counterpart is vakardiena “(the day of) yesterday”).

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vakars”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7




  1. indefinite genitive plural of vak