nakts

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See also: nākts

Latgalian[edit]

Noun[edit]

nakts f

  1. night

Latvian[edit]

Nakts

Etymology[edit]

From an earlier *naktis, from Proto-Baltic *naktis, from Proto-Indo-European *nokʷti- (night), perhaps from a stem *nekʷ with an extra suffix t or ti. Cognates include Lithuanian naktìs, Old Prussian naktin (accusative), Sudovian nakt, Old Church Slavonic нощь (noštĭ), Russian ночь (nočʹ), Belarusian ноч (noč), Ukrainian ніч (nič), Bulgarian нощ (nošt), Czech, Polish noc, Proto-Germanic *nahts (Gothic 𐌽𐌰𐌷𐍄𐍃 (nahts), Old High German naht, Old English niht, German Nacht, English night, Old Norse nátt, Swedish natt), Hittite nekut- (evening), Sanskrit नक्त (naktam) (accusative), Ancient Greek νύξ (núx), genitive νυκτός (nuktós), Latin nox, genitive noctis.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

nakts f (6th declension)

  1. night (time period from sunset to sunrise, from evening to morning)
    vēla naktslate night
    dziļa naktsdeep night
    gara, īsa naktslong, short night
    pavadīt nakti teltīto spend the night in a tent
    zvaigžņota naktsstarry night
    nakts debesisnight sky
    nakts mākoņinight clouds
    nakts tumsanight darkness
    tumšs kā naktīdark like at night
    melns kā naktsblack like the night (= very black; gloomy)
    uz nakti, uz naktsguļuovernight
    nakts no sestdienas uz svētdienunight from Saturday to Sunday
    mūžīga naktseternal night (= death)
    strādāt dienām un naktīm, dienu un naktito work day and night
    vakara sārtums pamazām nodziest... nu jau ir pilnīga naktsthe evening redness gradually disappears... now it is full night
    nakts klusumā skarbi iečīkstējās durvisin the silence of the night the door creaked harshly
  2. night (the same time period, in relation to a certain event or holiday)
    jaungada naktsNew Year's Eve (lit. night)
    līgo, Jāņu naktsMidsummer night
    kažu naktswedding night
    pirmā naktswedding night (lit. first night, when the marriage is consummated)
  3. (in the accusative) at night (during that time period)
    dzirnavās nakti bija dzīres: velni dejoja ar raganāmat the mill, durning the night, there was a feast: devils danced with witches
  4. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) night, nocturnal (typical of, happening during, active during, this time period)
    nakts vilciensnight train
    nakts dežūranight hours
    nakts maiņa, naktsmaiņanight shift
    nakts redzamībanight, noctural visibility
    nakts dzīvnieki, kukaiņinocturnal animals, insects
    nakts puķesnight flowers
    nakts pastaiganight walk
    nakts miersnight quiet, peace
    nakts miegsnight sleep
    nakts salnanight frost
    nakts lampa, naktslampanight lamp
    vagonā jau ieslēgts nakts apgaismojumsthe night lights are already on in the rail car
  5. (figuratively) night (time period during which negative circumstances prevail)
    fašisma naktsthe night of fascism
  6. night, dark (the darkness typical of this time period)
    muguru pagriezusi, viņa stāvēja pie loga un skatījās naktiturning around, she stood by the window and looked at the night

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “nakts”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7