massif

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See also: mâssif

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French massif, from Middle French massif, from Latin massa, from Ancient Greek μᾶζα (mâza, barley-cake, lump (of dough)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

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massif (plural massifs)

  1. A principal mountain mass.
  2. A block of the earth's crust bounded by faults or flexures and displaced as a unit without internal change; normally consists of gneisses and schists
    • 2011, John Jeremiah Sullivan, Pulphead:
      The southern borders of these states are keyed to the same horizontal projection, one surveyed by the frontier planter William Byrd in 1728, while the rivers forming their northern extents fall back just opposite each other from the flanks of the Appalachian massif.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

masse (mass) +‎ -if

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

massif m (plural massifs)

  1. massif

Adjective[edit]

massif (feminine singular massive, masculine plural massifs, feminine plural massives)

  1. massive

Further reading[edit]