metior

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *meh₁- (to measure).

Cognates include Ancient Greek μῆτις (mêtis), μέτρον (métron), μέτριος (métrios), Old Church Slavonic мѣра (měra), compare Hungarian mér, Russian мера (méra), Serbo-Croatian mera and mjera, English meal.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

mētior (present infinitive mētīrī, perfect active mēnsus sum or mētītus sum); fourth conjugation, deponent

  1. I measure or estimate
  2. I distribute or mete out
  3. I traverse

Conjugation[edit]

  • The perfect participle metītus is post-Classical.
   Conjugation of mētior (fourth conjugation, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mētior mētīris, mētīre mētītur mētīmur mētīminī mētiuntur
imperfect mētiēbar mētiēbāris, mētiēbāre mētiēbātur mētiēbāmur mētiēbāminī mētiēbantur
future mētiar mētiēris, mētiēre mētiētur mētiēmur mētiēminī mētientur
perfect mēnsus or mētītus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect mēnsus or mētītus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect mēnsus or mētītus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mētiar mētiāris, mētiāre mētiātur mētiāmur mētiāminī mētiantur
imperfect mētīrer mētīrēris, mētīrēre mētīrētur mētīrēmur mētīrēminī mētīrentur
perfect mēnsus or mētītus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect mēnsus or mētītus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mētīre mētīminī
future mētītor mētītor mētiuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives mētīrī mēnsum esse, mētītum esse mēnsūrum esse, mētītūrum esse
participles mētiēns mēnsus, mētītus mēnsūrus, mētītūrus mētiendus, mētiundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
mētiendī mētiendō mētiendum mētiendō mēnsum, mētītum mēnsū, mētītū

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Portuguese: medir
  • Sardinian: medire, mediri, metire
  • Spanish: medir

References[edit]

  • metior in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • metior in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • metior in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to measure something by the standard of something else; to make something one's criterion: metiri, ponderare, aestimare, iudicare aliquid (ex) aliqua re