mistrust

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

mis- +‎ trust

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mɪsˈtɹʌst/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌst

Noun[edit]

mistrust (uncountable)

  1. Lack of trust or confidence; distrust, untrust.

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Verb[edit]

mistrust (third-person singular simple present mistrusts, present participle mistrusting, simple past and past participle mistrusted)

  1. (transitive) To have no confidence in (something or someone).
  2. (transitive) To be wary, suspicious or doubtful of (something or someone).
    • c. 1380s, Geoffrey Chaucer, Troilus and Criseyde, lines 1609-1610[1]:
      Mistrust me not thus causeles, for routhe;
      Sin to be trewe I have yow plight my trouthe.
    • 1621, Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, Oxford: Henry Cripps, Partition 3, Section 3, Member 2, Subsection 1, p. 683[2]:
      It is most strange to report what outragious acts [] haue beene committed [] by women especially, that will runne after their husbands into all places, all companies, as Iouianus Pontanus wife did by him, follow him whether soeuer hee goes, it matters not, or vpon what businesse, rauing [] , cursing, swearing, and mistrusting euery one she sees.
    • 1849 May – 1850 November, Charles Dickens, “I Look about Me, and Make a Discovery”, in The Personal History of David Copperfield, London: Bradbury & Evans, [], published 1850, OCLC 558196156, page 199:
      The innocent beauty of her face was not as innocent to me as it had been; I mistrusted the natural grace and charm of her manner []
  3. (transitive) To suspect, to imagine or suppose (something) to be the case.
    • c. 1591–1592, William Shakespeare, “The Third Part of Henry the Sixt, []”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene vi], page 171, column 2:
      [] I propheſie, that many a thouſand,
      Which now miſtruſt no parcell of my feare,
      And many an old mans ſighe, and many a Widdowes,
      And many an Orphans water-ſtanding-eye,
      Men for their Sonnes, Wiues for their Husbands,
      Orphans, for their Parents timeles death,
      Shall rue the houre that euer thou was’t borne.
    • 1743, Robert Drury, The Pleasant, and Surprizing Adventures of Mr. Robert Drury, during his Fifteen Years Captivity on the Island of Madagascar London, p. 51,[3]:
      As soon as it was dark enough to conceal our Flight, we assembl’d together, and took a considerable Quantity of Muslins and Callicoes, and hung them upon the Bushes, that the Spies, who we knew watch’d us, might not any ways mistrust our sudden Removal.
    • 1859, Ferna Vale, Natalie; or, A Gem Among the Sea-Weeds
      Those who had known the circumstances of her discovery, had gradually come to look upon her as the child of those who treasured her as if she had been their own; and the playmates of her childhood days had never mistrusted there was a mystery hanging about her "romantic" name,—Sea-flower.
  4. (intransitive) To be suspicious.
    • 1887, Marietta Holley, Samantha at Saratoga, Philadelphia: Hubbard Brothers, Chapter 2, p. 46[4]:
      She wuz soft in her complexion, her lips, her cheeks, her hands, and as I mistrusted at that first minute, and found out afterwards, soft in her head too.
    • 1916, Robert Frost, “A Girl’s Garden” in Mountain Interval, New York: Henry Holt & Co., p. 61[5]:
      And yes, she has long mistrusted
      That a cider apple tree
      In bearing there to-day is hers,
      Or at least may be.

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