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From natural +‎ -ist.


naturalist (plural naturalists)

  1. (obsolete, except as merged with later senses) A natural philosopher; a scientist. [16th–19th c.]
    • 1792, Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, Penguin 2004, p. 89:
      It has also been asserted, by some naturalists, that men do not attain their full growth and strength till thirty; but that women arrive at maturity by twenty.
  2. (philosophy) A person who believes in or advocates the tenets of philosophical or methodological naturalism. [from 16th c.]
  3. An expert in natural history or the study of plants and animals. [from 17th c.]
  4. (art) A creative artist who attempts to faithfully represent nature; an adherent of artistic naturalism. [from 19th c.]


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