nauda

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See also: naudā

Latvian[edit]

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 Nauda on Latvian Wikipedia

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Nauda
Nauda

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *naudā-, from Proto-Indo-European *newd-, *nowd- (to seize, to take for use), from a stem *new-, *now- (to make a sudden gesture; to wave, to beckon) with an extra d. The semantic evolution was presumably “(something) taken for use, for benefit” > “property” (including also animals, cattle) > “money” (compare Latin pecus (sheep, cattle), pecūnia (property, money)). Cognates include Lithuanian naudà (benefit, validity, utility; property), Gothic 𐌽𐌹𐌿𐍄𐌰𐌽 (niutan, to achieve, to get, to enjoy), Old English notu, nytt, Old High German nuz (use, utility) (German nutzen (to serve, to use)), Old Norse naut (cattle).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

nauda f (4th declension)

  1. money (specific good used as a generally accepted means of exchange)
    metāla, papīra nauda — metal, paper money
    naudas maks — wallet (lit. money wallet)
    sīka nauda, sīknauda — small money (= change)
    liela nauda — big money (i.e., a large amount)
    krāt naudu — to save money
    izdot, tērēt naudu — to spend money
    pelnīt naudu — to earn, to make money
    aizdot, aizņemties naudu — to lend, to borrow money
    maksāt skaidrā naudā — to pay cash (lit. in clear money)
    (iz)mainīt naudu — to change money (into smaller pieces)
    (ap)mainīt naudu — to change money (into another currency)
    viltot naudu — to falsify money
    spēlēt kārtis uz naudu — to play cards for money
    naudas sods — a money penalty, a fine
    naudas ekonomiskās funkcijas — the economic function of money
    naudas apgrozība — the circulation of money
    naudas sistēma — monetary (lit. money) system
    preču vērtības naudas izteiksmē — the value of goods in terms of money
  2. payment, fees (money given or paid for a purpose)
    biedru nauda — membership fees (lit. members' money)
    īres nauda — rent (lit. rent money)
    atvaļinājuma nauda — holiday pay
    apdrošināšanas nauda — insurance payment
    kabatas nauda — pocket money
    dienas nauda — daily allowance, per diem (lit. day money)
    slimības nauda — sickness money (i.e., sick pay, money given to sick people)
    zieda, ziedu nauda — flower money (= money traditionally donated by guests of a wedding, baptism, or funeral, to the newlyweds, to the newborn, or to the relatives of the deceased)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns. 1992, 2001. Latviešu etimoloģijas vārdnīca. Rīga: AVOTS. ISBN 9984700127.

Lithuanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

nauda

  1. use
  2. benefit

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

nauda f

  1. singular definite of naud