nauda

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See also: naudā

Latvian[edit]

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 nauda on Latvian Wikipedia
Nauda
Nauda

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *naudā-, from Proto-Indo-European *newd-, *nowd-(to seize, to take for use), from a stem *new-, *now-(to make a sudden gesture; to wave, to beckon) with an extra d. The semantic evolution was presumably “(something) taken for use, for benefit” > “property” (including also animals, cattle) > “money” (compare Latin pecus(sheep, cattle), pecūnia(property, money)). Cognates include Lithuanian naudà(benefit, validity, utility; property), Gothic 𐌽𐌹𐌿𐍄𐌰𐌽(niutan, to achieve, to get, to enjoy), Old English notu, nytt, Old High German nuz(use, utility) (German nutzen(to serve, to use)), Old Norse naut(cattle).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

nauda f (4th declension)

  1. money (specific good used as a generally accepted means of exchange)
    metāla, papīra nauda‎ ― metal, paper money
    naudas maks‎ ― wallet (lit. money wallet)
    sīka nauda, sīknauda‎ ― small money (= change)
    liela nauda‎ ― big money (i.e., a large amount)
    krāt naudu‎ ― to save money
    izdot, tērēt naudu‎ ― to spend money
    pelnīt naudu‎ ― to earn, to make money
    aizdot, aizņemties naudu‎ ― to lend, to borrow money
    maksāt skaidrā naudā‎ ― to pay cash (lit. in clear money)
    (iz)mainīt naudu‎ ― to change money (into smaller pieces)
    (ap)mainīt naudu‎ ― to change money (into another currency)
    viltot naudu‎ ― to falsify money
    spēlēt kārtis uz naudu‎ ― to play cards for money
    naudas sods‎ ― a money penalty, a fine
    naudas ekonomiskās funkcijas‎ ― the economic function of money
    naudas apgrozība‎ ― the circulation of money
    naudas sistēma‎ ― monetary (lit. money) system
    preču vērtības naudas izteiksmē‎ ― the value of goods in terms of money
  2. payment, fees (money given or paid for a purpose)
    biedru nauda‎ ― membership fees (lit. members' money)
    īres nauda‎ ― rent (lit. rent money)
    atvaļinājuma nauda‎ ― holiday pay
    apdrošināšanas nauda‎ ― insurance payment
    kabatas nauda‎ ― pocket money
    dienas nauda‎ ― daily allowance, per diem (lit. day money)
    slimības nauda‎ ― sickness money (i.e., sick pay, money given to sick people)
    zieda, ziedu nauda‎ ― flower money (= money traditionally donated by guests of a wedding, baptism, or funeral, to the newlyweds, to the newborn, or to the relatives of the deceased)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns. 1992, 2001. Latviešu etimoloģijas vārdnīca. Rīga: AVOTS. ISBN 9984700127.

Lithuanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

nauda f

  1. use
  2. benefit

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

nauda f

  1. singular definite of naud