nauda

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: naudā

Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 nauda on Latvian Wikipedia
Nauda
Nauda

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *naudā-, from Proto-Indo-European *newd-, *nowd- (to seize, to take for use), from a stem *new-, *now- (to make a sudden gesture; to wave, to beckon) with an extra d. The semantic evolution was presumably “(something) taken for use, for benefit” > “property” (including also animals, cattle) > “money” (compare Latin pecus (sheep, cattle), pecūnia (property, money)). Cognates include Lithuanian naudà (benefit, validity, utility; property), Gothic 𐌽𐌹𐌿𐍄𐌰𐌽 (niutan, to achieve, to get, to enjoy), Old English notu, nytt, Old High German nuz (use, utility) (German nutzen (to serve, to use)), Old Norse naut (cattle).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

nauda f (4th declension)

  1. money (specific good used as a generally accepted means of exchange)
    metāla, papīra naudametal, paper money
    naudas makswallet (lit. money wallet)
    sīka nauda, sīknaudasmall money (= change)
    liela naudabig money (i.e., a large amount)
    krāt nauduto save money
    izdot, tērēt nauduto spend money
    pelnīt nauduto earn, to make money
    aizdot, aizņemties nauduto lend, to borrow money
    maksāt skaidrā naudāto pay cash (lit. in clear money)
    (iz)mainīt nauduto change money (into smaller pieces)
    (ap)mainīt nauduto change money (into another currency)
    viltot nauduto falsify money
    spēlēt kārtis uz nauduto play cards for money
    naudas sodsa money penalty, a fine
    naudas ekonomiskās funkcijasthe economic function of money
    naudas apgrozībathe circulation of money
    naudas sistēmamonetary (lit. money) system
    preču vērtības naudas izteiksmēthe value of goods in terms of money
  2. payment, fees (money given or paid for a purpose)
    biedru naudamembership fees (lit. members' money)
    īres naudarent (lit. rent money)
    atvaļinājuma naudaholiday pay
    apdrošināšanas naudainsurance payment
    kabatas naudapocket money
    dienas naudadaily allowance, per diem (lit. day money)
    slimības naudasickness money (i.e., sick pay, money given to sick people)
    zieda, ziedu naudaflower money (= money traditionally donated by guests of a wedding, baptism, or funeral, to the newlyweds, to the newborn, or to the relatives of the deceased)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns. 1992, 2001. Latviešu etimoloģijas vārdnīca. Rīga: AVOTS. ISBN 9984700127.

Lithuanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

nauda f

  1. use
  2. benefit

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

nauda f

  1. singular definite of naud