nyumba

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See also: nyũmba

Chichewa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *njʊ̀mbá.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nyumbá class 9 (plural nyumbá class 10)

  1. house

Mwani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *njʊ̀mbá.

Noun[edit]

nyumba class 9 (plural nyumba)

  1. house

Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *njʊ̀mbá. Cognate to Luganda ennyumba.

Noun[edit]

nyumba (n class, plural nyumba)

  1. house

Derived terms[edit]


Tumbuka[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *njʊ̀mbá.

Noun[edit]

nyumba class 9 (plural nyumba class 10)

  1. house

Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-gʊ̀mba. The change of the initial consonant is due to analogy with inyumba.

Verb[edit]

-nyumba

  1. (intransitive) to become barren, to become sterile

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukunyumba
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukunyumba ukunganyumbi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular nyumba -nyumbe
Plural nyumbani -nyumbeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyanyumba, nginyumba enginyumbayo, enginyumba nginyumba anginyumbi enginganyumbi nginganyumbi
2nd singular uyanyumba, unyumba onyumbayo, onyumba unyumba awunyumbi onganyumbi unganyumbi
1st plural siyanyumba, sinyumba esinyumbayo, esinyumba sinyumba asinyumbi esinganyumbi singanyumbi
2nd plural niyanyumba, ninyumba eninyumbayo, eninyumba ninyumba aninyumbi eninganyumbi ninganyumbi
Class 1 uyanyumba, unyumba onyumbayo, onyumba enyumba akanyumbi onganyumbi enganyumbi
Class 2 bayanyumba, banyumba abanyumbayo, abanyumba benyumba abanyumbi abanganyumbi benganyumbi
Class 3 uyanyumba, unyumba onyumbayo, onyumba unyumba awunyumbi onganyumbi unganyumbi
Class 4 iyanyumba, inyumba enyumbayo, enyumba inyumba ayinyumbi enganyumbi inganyumbi
Class 5 liyanyumba, linyumba elinyumbayo, elinyumba linyumba alinyumbi elinganyumbi linganyumbi
Class 6 ayanyumba, anyumba anyumbayo, anyumba enyumba awanyumbi anganyumbi enganyumbi
Class 7 siyanyumba, sinyumba esinyumbayo, esinyumba sinyumba asinyumbi esinganyumbi singanyumbi
Class 8 ziyanyumba, zinyumba ezinyumbayo, ezinyumba zinyumba azinyumbi ezinganyumbi zinganyumbi
Class 9 iyanyumba, inyumba enyumbayo, enyumba inyumba ayinyumbi enganyumbi inganyumbi
Class 10 ziyanyumba, zinyumba ezinyumbayo, ezinyumba zinyumba azinyumbi ezinganyumbi zinganyumbi
Class 11 luyanyumba, lunyumba olunyumbayo, olunyumba lunyumba alunyumbi olunganyumbi lunganyumbi
Class 14 buyanyumba, bunyumba obunyumbayo, obunyumba bunyumba abunyumbi obunganyumbi bunganyumbi
Class 15 kuyanyumba, kunyumba okunyumbayo, okunyumba kunyumba akunyumbi okunganyumbi kunganyumbi
Class 17 kuyanyumba, kunyumba okunyumbayo, okunyumba kunyumba akunyumbi okunganyumbi kunganyumbi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular nginyumbile, nginyumbē enginyumbile, enginyumbē nginyumbile, nginyumbē anginyumbanga enginganyumbanga nginganyumbanga
2nd singular unyumbile, unyumbē onyumbile, onyumbē unyumbile, unyumbē awunyumbanga onganyumbanga unganyumbanga
1st plural sinyumbile, sinyumbē esinyumbile, esinyumbē sinyumbile, sinyumbē asinyumbanga esinganyumbanga singanyumbanga
2nd plural ninyumbile, ninyumbē eninyumbile, eninyumbē ninyumbile, ninyumbē aninyumbanga eninganyumbanga ninganyumbanga
Class 1 unyumbile, unyumbē onyumbile, onyumbē enyumbile, enyumbē akanyumbanga onganyumbanga enganyumbanga
Class 2 banyumbile, banyumbē abanyumbile, abanyumbē benyumbile, benyumbē abanyumbanga abanganyumbanga benganyumbanga
Class 3 unyumbile, unyumbē onyumbile, onyumbē unyumbile, unyumbē awunyumbanga onganyumbanga unganyumbanga
Class 4 inyumbile, inyumbē enyumbile, enyumbē inyumbile, inyumbē ayinyumbanga enganyumbanga inganyumbanga
Class 5 linyumbile, linyumbē elinyumbile, elinyumbē linyumbile, linyumbē alinyumbanga elinganyumbanga linganyumbanga
Class 6 anyumbile, anyumbē anyumbile, anyumbē enyumbile, enyumbē awanyumbanga anganyumbanga enganyumbanga
Class 7 sinyumbile, sinyumbē esinyumbile, esinyumbē sinyumbile, sinyumbē asinyumbanga esinganyumbanga singanyumbanga
Class 8 zinyumbile, zinyumbē ezinyumbile, ezinyumbē zinyumbile, zinyumbē azinyumbanga ezinganyumbanga zinganyumbanga
Class 9 inyumbile, inyumbē enyumbile, enyumbē inyumbile, inyumbē ayinyumbanga enganyumbanga inganyumbanga
Class 10 zinyumbile, zinyumbē ezinyumbile, ezinyumbē zinyumbile, zinyumbē azinyumbanga ezinganyumbanga zinganyumbanga
Class 11 lunyumbile, lunyumbē olunyumbile, olunyumbē lunyumbile, lunyumbē alunyumbanga olunganyumbanga lunganyumbanga
Class 14 bunyumbile, bunyumbē obunyumbile, obunyumbē bunyumbile, bunyumbē abunyumbanga obunganyumbanga bunganyumbanga
Class 15 kunyumbile, kunyumbē okunyumbile, okunyumbē kunyumbile, kunyumbē akunyumbanga okunganyumbanga kunganyumbanga
Class 17 kunyumbile, kunyumbē okunyumbile, okunyumbē kunyumbile, kunyumbē akunyumbanga okunganyumbanga kunganyumbanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngānyumba engānyumba ngānyumba anginyumbanga enginganyumbanga nginganyumbanga
2nd singular wānyumba owānyumba wānyumba awunyumbanga onganyumbanga unganyumbanga
1st plural sānyumba esānyumba sānyumba asinyumbanga esinganyumbanga singanyumbanga
2nd plural nānyumba enānyumba nānyumba aninyumbanga eninganyumbanga ninganyumbanga
Class 1 wānyumba owānyumba ānyumba akanyumbanga onganyumbanga enganyumbanga
Class 2 bānyumba abānyumba bānyumba abanyumbanga abanganyumbanga benganyumbanga
Class 3 wānyumba owānyumba wānyumba awunyumbanga onganyumbanga unganyumbanga
Class 4 yānyumba eyānyumba yānyumba ayinyumbanga enganyumbanga inganyumbanga
Class 5 lānyumba elānyumba lānyumba alinyumbanga elinganyumbanga linganyumbanga
Class 6 ānyumba ānyumba ānyumba awanyumbanga anganyumbanga enganyumbanga
Class 7 sānyumba esānyumba sānyumba asinyumbanga esinganyumbanga singanyumbanga
Class 8 zānyumba ezānyumba zānyumba azinyumbanga ezinganyumbanga zinganyumbanga
Class 9 yānyumba eyānyumba yānyumba ayinyumbanga enganyumbanga inganyumbanga
Class 10 zānyumba ezānyumba zānyumba azinyumbanga ezinganyumbanga zinganyumbanga
Class 11 lwānyumba olwānyumba lwānyumba alunyumbanga olunganyumbanga lunganyumbanga
Class 14 bānyumba obānyumba bānyumba abunyumbanga obunganyumbanga bunganyumbanga
Class 15 kwānyumba okwānyumba kwānyumba akunyumbanga okunganyumbanga kunganyumbanga
Class 17 kwānyumba okwānyumba kwānyumba akunyumbanga okunganyumbanga kunganyumbanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular nginganyumba nginganyumba ngingenyumbe ngingenyumbe
2nd singular unganyumba unganyumba ungenyumbe ungenyumbe
1st plural singanyumba singanyumba singenyumbe singenyumbe
2nd plural ninganyumba ninganyumba ningenyumbe ningenyumbe
Class 1 anganyumba enganyumba angenyumbe engenyumbe
Class 2 banganyumba benganyumba bangenyumbe bengenyumbe
Class 3 unganyumba unganyumba ungenyumbe ungenyumbe
Class 4 inganyumba inganyumba ingenyumbe ingenyumbe
Class 5 linganyumba linganyumba lingenyumbe lingenyumbe
Class 6 anganyumba enganyumba angenyumbe engenyumbe
Class 7 singanyumba singanyumba singenyumbe singenyumbe
Class 8 zinganyumba zinganyumba zingenyumbe zingenyumbe
Class 9 inganyumba inganyumba ingenyumbe ingenyumbe
Class 10 zinganyumba zinganyumba zingenyumbe zingenyumbe
Class 11 lunganyumba lunganyumba lungenyumbe lungenyumbe
Class 14 bunganyumba bunganyumba bungenyumbe bungenyumbe
Class 15 kunganyumba kunganyumba kungenyumbe kungenyumbe
Class 17 kunganyumba kunganyumba kungenyumbe kungenyumbe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizonyumba engizonyumba ngizonyumba angizunyumba engingezunyumba ngingezunyumba
2nd singular uzonyumba ozonyumba uzonyumba awuzunyumba ongezunyumba ungezunyumba
1st plural sizonyumba esizonyumba sizonyumba asizunyumba esingezunyumba singezunyumba
2nd plural nizonyumba enizonyumba nizonyumba anizunyumba eningezunyumba ningezunyumba
Class 1 uzonyumba ozonyumba ezonyumba akazunyumba ongezunyumba engezunyumba
Class 2 bazonyumba abazonyumba bezonyumba abazunyumba abangezunyumba bengezunyumba
Class 3 uzonyumba ozonyumba uzonyumba awuzunyumba ongezunyumba ungezunyumba
Class 4 izonyumba ezonyumba izonyumba ayizunyumba engezunyumba ingezunyumba
Class 5 lizonyumba elizonyumba lizonyumba alizunyumba elingezunyumba lingezunyumba
Class 6 azonyumba azonyumba ezonyumba awazunyumba angezunyumba engezunyumba
Class 7 sizonyumba esizonyumba sizonyumba asizunyumba esingezunyumba singezunyumba
Class 8 zizonyumba ezizonyumba zizonyumba azizunyumba ezingezunyumba zingezunyumba
Class 9 izonyumba ezonyumba izonyumba ayizunyumba engezunyumba ingezunyumba
Class 10 zizonyumba ezizonyumba zizonyumba azizunyumba ezingezunyumba zingezunyumba
Class 11 luzonyumba oluzonyumba luzonyumba aluzunyumba olungezunyumba lungezunyumba
Class 14 buzonyumba obuzonyumba buzonyumba abuzunyumba obungezunyumba bungezunyumba
Class 15 kuzonyumba okuzonyumba kuzonyumba akuzunyumba okungezunyumba kungezunyumba
Class 17 kuzonyumba okuzonyumba kuzonyumba akuzunyumba okungezunyumba kungezunyumba
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyonyumba engiyonyumba ngiyonyumba angiyunyumba engingeyunyumba ngingeyunyumba
2nd singular uyonyumba oyonyumba uyonyumba awuyunyumba ongeyunyumba ungeyunyumba
1st plural siyonyumba esiyonyumba siyonyumba asiyunyumba esingeyunyumba singeyunyumba
2nd plural niyonyumba eniyonyumba niyonyumba aniyunyumba eningeyunyumba ningeyunyumba
Class 1 uyonyumba oyonyumba eyonyumba akayunyumba ongeyunyumba engeyunyumba
Class 2 bayonyumba abayonyumba beyonyumba abayunyumba abangeyunyumba bengeyunyumba
Class 3 uyonyumba oyonyumba uyonyumba awuyunyumba ongeyunyumba ungeyunyumba
Class 4 iyonyumba eyonyumba iyonyumba ayiyunyumba engeyunyumba ingeyunyumba
Class 5 liyonyumba eliyonyumba liyonyumba aliyunyumba elingeyunyumba lingeyunyumba
Class 6 ayonyumba ayonyumba eyonyumba awayunyumba angeyunyumba engeyunyumba
Class 7 siyonyumba esiyonyumba siyonyumba asiyunyumba esingeyunyumba singeyunyumba
Class 8 ziyonyumba eziyonyumba ziyonyumba aziyunyumba ezingeyunyumba zingeyunyumba
Class 9 iyonyumba eyonyumba iyonyumba ayiyunyumba engeyunyumba ingeyunyumba
Class 10 ziyonyumba eziyonyumba ziyonyumba aziyunyumba ezingeyunyumba zingeyunyumba
Class 11 luyonyumba oluyonyumba luyonyumba aluyunyumba olungeyunyumba lungeyunyumba
Class 14 buyonyumba obuyonyumba buyonyumba abuyunyumba obungeyunyumba bungeyunyumba
Class 15 kuyonyumba okuyonyumba kuyonyumba akuyunyumba okungeyunyumba kungeyunyumba
Class 17 kuyonyumba okuyonyumba kuyonyumba akuyunyumba okungeyunyumba kungeyunyumba
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular nginyumbe nginganyumbi
2nd singular unyumbe unganyumbi
1st plural sinyumbe singanyumbi
2nd plural ninyumbe ninganyumbi
Class 1 anyumbe anganyumbi
Class 2 banyumbe banganyumbi
Class 3 unyumbe unganyumbi
Class 4 inyumbe inganyumbi
Class 5 linyumbe linganyumbi
Class 6 anyumbe anganyumbi
Class 7 sinyumbe singanyumbi
Class 8 zinyumbe zinganyumbi
Class 9 inyumbe inganyumbi
Class 10 zinyumbe zinganyumbi
Class 11 lunyumbe lunganyumbi
Class 14 bunyumbe bunganyumbi
Class 15 kunyumbe kunganyumbi
Class 17 kunyumbe kunganyumbi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular nganyumba nganganyumba, anganyumba, anganganyumba
2nd singular wanyumba wanganyumba, awanyumba, awanganyumba
1st plural sanyumba sanganyumba, asanyumba, asanganyumba
2nd plural nanyumba nanganyumba, ananyumba, ananganyumba
Class 1 wanyumba wanganyumba, akanyumba, akanganyumba
Class 2 banyumba banganyumba, abanyumba, abanganyumba
Class 3 wanyumba wanganyumba, awanyumba, awanganyumba
Class 4 yanyumba yanganyumba, ayanyumba, ayanganyumba
Class 5 lanyumba langanyumba, alanyumba, alanganyumba
Class 6 anyumba anganyumba, awanyumba, awanganyumba
Class 7 sanyumba sanganyumba, asanyumba, asanganyumba
Class 8 zanyumba zanganyumba, azanyumba, azanganyumba
Class 9 yanyumba yanganyumba, ayanyumba, ayanganyumba
Class 10 zanyumba zanganyumba, azanyumba, azanganyumba
Class 11 lwanyumba lwanganyumba, alwanyumba, alwanganyumba
Class 14 banyumba banganyumba, abanyumba, abanganyumba
Class 15 kwanyumba kwanganyumba, akwanyumba, akwanganyumba
Class 17 kwanyumba kwanganyumba, akwanyumba, akwanganyumba

References[edit]