olibanum

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Medieval Latin olibanum, Late Latin libanus, from Latin oleum libani (oil of Lebanon), from Ancient Greek λίβανος (líbanos, frankincense (Boswellia carterii, now Boswellia sacra)), from a Semitic source. See the Semitic root lbn لبن‎, meaning "white". See also (Biblical Hebrew לְבוֹנָה(l'voná, frankincense), Arabic لبان(lubān, frankincense)). Compare benzoin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

olibanum (countable and uncountable, plural olibanums)

  1. A gum resin from trees of the genus Boswellia, formerly used as a medicine and now mainly as incense. [from 14th c.]
    • 1936, Rollo Ahmed, The Black Art, London: Long, page 112:
      Aromatics were used, too, especially in necromancy, and an old recipe of that sort comprises Musk, Myrrh, Frankincense, Red Storax, Mastick, Olibanum, Saffron, Benzoin and Labdanum.

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