oligarch

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ὀλιγάρχης (oligárkhēs).
Surface analysis: olig- (few) +‎ -arch (ruler, leader)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈoʊlɪˌɡɑɹk/, /ˈɑlɪˌɡɑɹk/

Noun[edit]

oligarch (plural oligarchs)

  1. A member of an oligarchy; someone who is part of a small group that runs a country.
  2. (especially Russia, USA, Europe, or China) A very rich person, particularly with political power; a plutocrat.
    • 2016 December 6, Francis Fukuyama, “The Dangers of Disruption”, in The New York Times[1]:
      He will be an oligarch in the Russian mold: a rich man who used his wealth to gain political power and who would use political power to enrich himself once in office.
    Synonyms: plutocrat, tycoonocrat
  3. (cosmogony) A protoplanet formed during oligarchic accretion.

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Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Ancient Greek ὀλιγάρχης (oligárkhēs). This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌoː.liˈɣɑrx/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: oli‧garch
  • Rhymes: -ɑrx

Noun[edit]

oligarch m (plural oligarchen, diminutive oligarchje n)

  1. An oligarch (member of an oligarchy). [from late 18th c.]
  2. A plutocrat, an oligarch, especially in relation to the former Eastern Bloc. [from late 20th c.]
    Synonym: plutocraat

Related terms[edit]