peruke

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: perukę

English[edit]

James II of England wearing a peruke.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French perruque.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

peruke (plural perukes)

  1. A wig, especially one with long hair on the sides and back, worn mainly by men in the 17th and 18th centuries.
    • 1763, Horace Walpole, “Mr. JOHN SMITH”, in A Catalogue of Engravers, Who Have Been Born, or Resided in England; [], Strawberry-Hill [London]: [] Thomas Farmer [], OCLC 973434940, page 105:
      To poſterity perhaps his prints vvill carry an idea of ſomething burleſque; perukes of outrageous length flovving over ſuits of armour compoſe vvonderfull habits.
    • 1819 July 15, [Lord Byron], Don Juan, London: [] Thomas Davison, [], OCLC 560103767, canto I, stanza CCXIII, page 109:
      But now at thirty years my hair is gray— / (I wonder what it will be like at forty? / I thought of a peruke the other day) []
    • 1834, Robert Southey, “Ante-preface”, in The Doctor, &c., volume I, London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longman, OCLC 1179713, pages 35–36:
      Let the long peruke succeed the godly cropt hair; the cravat, the ruff; []
    • 1979, J.G. Ballard, chapter 19, in The Unlimited Dream Company:
      Every chair was filled, the line of assistants working like conjurors at the bizarre hairstyles, a splendid confusion of feathers and flared perukes, wings of back-brushed hair, like the plumage of an aviary.
    • 1992, Kim Newman, Anno Dracula, Titan Books, published 2011, page 135:
      With a delicate touch, he reset his golden peruke on his sweat-slick skull.

Translations[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

peru +‎ -ke

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈperukeˣ/, [ˈpe̞ruke̞(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -eruke
  • Syllabification(key): pe‧ru‧ke

Noun[edit]

peruke

  1. (fishing) wire trace, snood

Declension[edit]

Inflection of peruke (Kotus type 48*A/hame, kk-k gradation)
nominative peruke perukkeet
genitive perukkeen perukkeiden
perukkeitten
partitive peruketta perukkeita
illative perukkeeseen perukkeisiin
perukkeihin
singular plural
nominative peruke perukkeet
accusative nom. peruke perukkeet
gen. perukkeen
genitive perukkeen perukkeiden
perukkeitten
partitive peruketta perukkeita
inessive perukkeessa perukkeissa
elative perukkeesta perukkeista
illative perukkeeseen perukkeisiin
perukkeihin
adessive perukkeella perukkeilla
ablative perukkeelta perukkeilta
allative perukkeelle perukkeille
essive perukkeena perukkeina
translative perukkeeksi perukkeiksi
instructive perukkein
abessive perukkeetta perukkeitta
comitative perukkeineen
Possessive forms of peruke (type hame)
possessor singular plural
1st person perukkeeni perukkeemme
2nd person perukkeesi perukkeenne
3rd person perukkeensa

Synonyms[edit]